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amyloid

[am-uh-loid]
noun
  1. Biochemistry. a waxy, translucent substance, composed primarily of protein fibers, that is deposited in various organs of animals in certain diseases.
  2. a nonnitrogenous food consisting especially of starch.
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adjective
  1. Also am·y·loi·dal. of, resembling, or containing amylum.
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Origin of amyloid

First recorded in 1855–60; amyl- + -oid
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for amyloid

amyloid

noun
  1. pathol a complex protein resembling starch, deposited in tissues in some degenerative diseases
  2. any substance resembling starch
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adjective
  1. starchlike
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for amyloid

adj.

"starch-like," 1857, coined in German (1839) from Latin amylum (see amyl) + Greek-derived suffix -oid. The noun is attested from 1872.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

amyloid in Medicine

amyloid

(ămə-loid′)
n.
  1. A starchlike substance.
  2. A hard, waxy deposit consisting of protein and polysaccharides resulting from the degeneration of tissue.
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adj.
  1. Starchlike.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

amyloid in Science

amyloid

[ămə-loid′]
Noun
  1. A hard waxy substance consisting of protein and polysaccharides that results from the degeneration of tissue and is deposited in organs or tissues of the body in various chronic diseases.
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Adjective
  1. Starchlike.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.