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analemma

[an-l-em-uh]
noun, plural an·a·lem·mas, an·a·lem·ma·ta [an-l-em-uh-tuh] /ˌæn lˈɛm ə tə/.
  1. a scale shaped like the figure 8, showing the declination of the sun and the equation of time for each day of the year.
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Origin of analemma

1645–55; < Latin: pedestal of a sundial, sundial < Greek análēmma support
Related formsan·a·lem·mat·ic [an-l-e-mat-ik] /ˌæn l ɛˈmæt ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for analemma

analemma

noun plural -mas or -mata (-mətə)
  1. a graduated scale shaped like a figure eight that indicates the daily declination of the sun
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Derived Formsanalemmatic (ˌænəlɛˈmætɪk), adjective

Word Origin for analemma

C17: from Latin: sundial, pedestal of sundial, from Greek analēmma pedestal, from analambanein to support
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for analemma

n.

1650s, from Latin analemma "the pedestal of a sundial," hence the sundial itself, from Greek analemma "prop, support," from analambanein "to receive, take up, restore," from ana- "up" (see ana-) + lambanein "to take," from PIE root *(s)lagw- "to seize, take" (cf. Sanskrit labhate, rabhate "seizes;" Old English læccan "to seize, grasp;" Greek lazomai "I take, grasp;" Old Church Slavonic leca "to catch, snare;" Lithuanian lobis "possession, riches").

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper