[and; unstressed uh nd, uh n, or, esp. after a homorganic consonant, n]



an added condition, stipulation, detail, or particular: He accepted the job, no ands or buts about it.


    and so forth, and the like; and others; et cetera: We discussed traveling, sightseeing, and so forth.
    and so on, and more things or others of a similar kind; and the like: It was a summer filled with parties, picnics, and so on.

Origin of and

before 900; Middle English; Old English and, ond; cognate with Old Saxon, Old High German ant, Old Frisian, Gothic and, Icelandic and-; akin to German und, Dutch en, Sanskrit anti
Can be confusedand and/or nor or (see usage note at the current entry) (see usage note at and/or)

Usage note

Both and and but, and to a lesser extent or and so, are common as transitional words at the beginnings of sentences in all types of speech and writing: General Jackson thought the attack would come after darkness. And he was right. Any objection to this practice probably stems from the overuse of such sentences by inexperienced writers. When one of these words begins a sentence or an independent clause within a sentence, it is not followed by a comma unless the comma is one of a pair setting off a parenthetical element that follows: John is popular, and he seems to be well adjusted. But, appearances to the contrary, he is often depressed. See also and/or, et cetera, try. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Related Words for and so forth


British Dictionary definitions for and so forth


abbreviation for

Andorra (international car registration)


conjunction (coordinating)

along with; in addition toboys and girls
as a consequencehe fell down and cut his knee
afterwardswe pay the man and go through that door
(preceded by good or nice) (intensifier)the sauce is good and thick
plustwo and two equals four
used to join identical words or phrases to give emphasis or indicate repetition or continuitybetter and better; we ran and ran; it rained and rained
used to join two identical words or phrases to express a contrast between instances of what is namedthere are jobs and jobs
informal used in place of to in infinitives after verbs such as try, go, and cometry and see it my way
an obsolete word for if and it please you Informal spellings: an, an', 'n


(usually plural) an additional matter or problemifs, ands, or buts

Word Origin for and

Old English and; related to Old Frisian anda, Old Saxon ande, Old High German anti, Sanskrit atha


The use of and instead of to after try and wait is typical of spoken language, but should be avoided in any writing which is not informal: We must try to prevent (not try and prevent) this happening
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for and so forth



Old English and, ond, originally meaning "thereupon, next," from Proto-Germanic *unda (cf. Old Saxon endi, Old Frisian anda, Middle Dutch ende, Old High German enti, German und, Old Norse enn), from PIE *en; cognate with Latin ante, Greek anti (see ante). Phrase and how as an exclamation of emphatic agreement dates from early 1900s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with and so forth

and so forth

Also, and so on. And more of the same, also, and others. For example, At the mall, we shopped, had lunch, shopped some more, and so forth, or She planned to buy an entire outfit in blue—dress, shoes, hat, and so on. The first term dates from the late 1500s, the variant from the early 1700s. Also see and the like.

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.