[an-yoo-uh l]



Botany. a plant living only one year or season.
a book, report, etc., published annually.

Origin of annual

1350–1400; < Late Latin annuālis, equivalent to Latin annu(us) yearly (derivative of annus circuit of the sun, year) + -ālis -al1; replacing Middle English annuel < Anglo-French < Latin
Related formsan·nu·al·ly, adverbin·ter·an·nu·al, adjectivein·ter·an·nu·al·ly, adverb
Can be confusedanal annual annulannual perennial Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for annually

Contemporary Examples of annually

Historical Examples of annually

  • He visited London annually to preach in the Baptist churches.


    James Anthony Froude

  • But it should suffice for it to meet for one day annually or thereabouts.

  • In a few years half a million pairs were being imported annually.

    The Age of Invention

    Holland Thompson

  • It was only the occasion of it that struck her with amazement annually.

    Howards End

    E. M. Forster

  • More than 35,000 photoplays are produced annually in the United States.

    Faro Nell and Her Friends

    Alfred Henry Lewis

British Dictionary definitions for annually



occurring, done, etc, once a year or every year; yearlyan annual income
lasting for a yearan annual subscription


a plant that completes its life cycle in less than one yearCompare perennial (def. 3), biennial (def. 3)
a book, magazine, etc, published once every year
Derived Formsannually, adverb

Word Origin for annual

C14: from Late Latin annuālis, from Latin annuus yearly, from annus year
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for annually

1590s, from annual (adj.) + -ly (2).



late 14c., from Old French annuel (12c.) or directly from Late Latin annualem (nominative annualis), corresponding to Latin annalis as adjective form of annus "year," from PIE *at-no-, from root *at- "to go," on notion of "period gone through" (cf. Sanskrit atati "goes, wanders," Gothic aþnam (dative plural) "year," Oscan akno- "year, holiday, time of offering"). Used of plants since 1710.



c.1400, originally "service commemorating the anniversary of a person's death," from annual (adj.). By 1824 as short for annual plant.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

annually in Science




Completing a life cycle in one growing season.


An annual plant. Annuals germinate, blossom, produce seed, and die in one growing season. They are common in environments with short growing seasons. Most desert plants are annuals, germinating and flowering after rainfall. Many common weeds, wild flowers, garden flowers, and vegetables are annuals. Examples of annuals include tomatoes, corn, wheat, sunflowers, petunias, and zinnias. Compare biennial perennial.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.