antimony

[ an-tuh-moh-nee ]
/ ˈæn təˌmoʊ ni /
|

noun Chemistry.

a brittle, lustrous, white metallic element occurring in nature free or combined, used chiefly in alloys and in compounds in medicine. Symbol: Sb; atomic number: 51; atomic weight: 121.75.

Origin of antimony

1375–1425; late Middle English antimonie < Medieval Latin antimōnium, perhaps < dialectal Arabic uthmud

Related forms

an·ti·mo·ni·al, adjective, noun
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Examples from the Web for antimony

British Dictionary definitions for antimony

antimony

/ (ˈæntɪmənɪ) /

noun

a toxic metallic element that exists in two allotropic forms and occurs principally in stibnite. The stable form is a brittle silvery-white crystalline metal that is added to alloys to increase their strength and hardness and is used in semiconductors. Symbol: Sb; atomic no: 51; atomic wt: 121.757; valency: 0, –3, +3, or +5; relative density: 6.691; melting pt: 630.76°C; boiling pt: 1587°C

Word Origin for antimony

C15: from Medieval Latin antimōnium, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for antimony

antimony

[ ăntə-mō′nē ]

n. Symbol Sb

A toxic metallic element, compounds of which are used as anthelmintics, especially in the treatment of schistosomiasis. Atomic number 51.

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Science definitions for antimony

antimony

[ ăntə-mō′nē ]

Sb

A metalloid element having many forms, the most common of which is a hard, very brittle, shiny, blue-white crystal. It is used in a wide variety of alloys, especially with lead in car batteries, and in the manufacture of flameproofing compounds. Atomic number 51; atomic weight 121.76; melting point 630.5°C (1,167°F); boiling point 1,380°C (2,516°F); specific gravity 6.691; valence 3, 5. See Periodic Table.

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