antiphon

[ an-tuh-fon ]
/ ˈæn təˌfɒn /

noun

a verse or song to be chanted or sung in response.
Ecclesiastical.
  1. a psalm, hymn, or prayer sung in alternate parts.
  2. a verse or a series of verses sung as a prelude or conclusion to some part of the service.

Nearby words

  1. antiperistaltic anastomosis,
  2. antipernicious anemia factor,
  3. antipersonnel,
  4. antiperspirant,
  5. antiphlogistic,
  6. antiphonal,
  7. antiphonary,
  8. antiphonic,
  9. antiphony,
  10. antiphrasis

Origin of antiphon

1490–1500; < Medieval Latin antiphōna responsive singing < Greek () antíphōna, neuter plural of antíphōnos sounding in answer, equivalent to anti- anti- + phōn(ḗ) sound + -os adj. suffix. Cf. anthem

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for antiphon


British Dictionary definitions for antiphon

antiphon

/ (ˈæntɪfən) /

noun

a short passage, usually from the Bible, recited or sung as a response after certain parts of a liturgical service
a psalm, hymn, etc, chanted or sung in alternate parts
any response or answer

Word Origin for antiphon

C15: from Late Latin antiphōna sung responses, from Late Greek, plural of antiphōnon (something) responsive, from antiphōnos, from anti- + phōnē sound

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for antiphon

antiphon

n.

c.1500, "a versicle sung responsively," from Middle French antiphone "hymn" or directly from Medieval Latin antiphona, from Greek antiphona, from anti- "over against" (see anti-) + phone "voice" (see fame (n.)). A re-adoption of the word which had become anthem in English and lost its original meaning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper