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appoggiatura

[ uh-poj-uh-toor-uh, -tyoor-uh; Italian ahp-pawd-jah-too-rah ]
/ əˌpɒdʒ əˈtʊər ə, -ˈtyʊər ə; Italian ɑpˌpɔd dʒɑˈtu rɑ /
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noun Music.

a note of embellishment preceding another note and taking a portion of its time.

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Origin of appoggiatura

First recorded in 1745–55; from Italian: literally, “a propping up,” equivalent to appoggiat(o), past participle of appoggiare “to support” + -ura abstract noun suffix; see ap-1, podium, -ate1, -ure
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for appoggiatura

appoggiatura
/ (əˌpɒdʒəˈtʊərə) /

noun plural -ras or -re (-rɛ)

music an ornament consisting of a nonharmonic note (short or long) preceding a harmonic one either before or on the stressSee also acciaccatura (def. 2)
C18: from Italian, literally: a propping, from appoggiare to prop, support
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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