- the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics.
- Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of numbers; the study of the divisibility of whole numbers, the remainders after division, etc.
- a book on this subject.
- Also ar·ith·met·i·cal. of or relating to arithmetic.
Origin of arithmetic
Related Words for arithmeticcalculation, computation, division, reckoning, addition, subtraction, multiplication, estimation
Examples from the Web for arithmetic
Contemporary Examples of arithmetic
The J-K shooting was simple enough, in that it was a matter of arithmetic logic that one of them was telling the truth.The Myth of the Central Park Five
October 19, 2014
NEW DELHI, India — Narendra Modi is to be the new prime minister of India, and the arithmetic of his victory is stunning.Modi Crushes Gandhi in India’s Election Landslide
May 16, 2014
“The president has promised to change the arithmetic,” says Rothenberg.Obama Could Win in 2014 Midterms by Losing Legislative Battles Now
April 10, 2013
I asked the guy, “Do we have to do some arithmetic that comes out to $292?”Meet Mark Kleiman, the Man Who Will Be Washington State’s Pot Czar
March 21, 2013
This article has been corrected to rectify an arithmetic mistake.Rethinking Thin
January 10, 2013
Historical Examples of arithmetic
He had his slate-pencil and arithmetic book, and prepared himself to do his examples.Rico and Wiseli
Only arithmetic now, and he would be through with the working part of the day.
I am studying spelling, geography, arithmetic, and the Third Reader.
She looked at the book, which looked exactly like Colburn's Arithmetic.Five Mice in a Mouse-trap
Laura E. Richards
Can we deny that a warrior should have a knowledge of arithmetic?The Republic
- the branch of mathematics concerned with numerical calculations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
- one or more calculations involving numerical operations
- knowledge of or skill in using arithmetichis arithmetic is good
- of, relating to, or using arithmetic
Word Origin for arithmetic
mid-13c., arsmetike, from Old French arsmetique (12c.), from Latin arithmetica, from Greek arithmetike (tekhne) "(the) counting (art)," fem. of arithmetikos "of or for reckoning, arithmetical," from arithmos "number, counting, amount," from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (cf. Old English, Old High German rim "number;" Old Irish rim "number," dorimu "I count;" Latin ritus "religious custom;" see read).
Originally in English also arsmetrik, on folk etymology from Medieval Latin ars metrica; spelling corrected early 16c. Replaced native tælcræft, literally "tell-craft."
- The mathematics of integers, rational numbers, real numbers, or complex numbers under the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.