autoclave

[aw-tuh-kleyv]

noun

a heavy vessel for conducting chemical reactions under high pressure.
Medicine/Medical, Bacteriology. an apparatus in which steam under pressure effects sterilization.

verb (used with object), au·to·claved, au·to·clav·ing.

to place in an autoclave.

Origin of autoclave

1875–80; < French, equivalent to auto- auto-1 + clave < Latin clāv-, stem of clāvis key and clāvus nail
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


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Historical Examples of autoclave


British Dictionary definitions for autoclave

autoclave

noun

a strong sealed vessel used for chemical reactions at high pressure
an apparatus for sterilizing objects (esp surgical instruments) or for cooking by means of steam under pressure
civil engineering a vessel in which freshly cast concrete or sand-lime bricks are cured very rapidly in high-pressure steam

verb

(tr) to put in or subject to the action of an autoclave

Word Origin for autoclave

C19: from French auto- + -clave, from Latin clāvis key
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for autoclave
n.

1880, from French, literally "self-locking," from auto- "self" (see auto-) + Latin clavis "key" (see slot (n.2)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

autoclave in Medicine

autoclave

tō-klāv′]

n.

A pressurized, steam-heated vessel used for sterilization.

v.

To treat in an autoclave.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

autoclave in Science

autoclave

tō-klāv′]

An airtight steel vessel used to heat substances and objects under very high pressures. Autoclaves are used in laboratory experiments and for sterilization.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.