• synonyms


  1. an ancient country in W Asia, between the Oxus River and the Hindu Kush Mountains. Capital: Bactra.
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Related formsBac·tri·an, adjective, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bactrian

Historical Examples

  • First, then, of the Bactrian camel—that is, the species with two humps.

    Quadrupeds, What They Are and Where Found

    Mayne Reid

  • I have referred to the Bactrian coinage as having been extensively forged.

    The Confessions of a Collector

    William Carew Hazlitt

  • I have not yet mentioned the Bactrian camels which are used in thousands for Russian transport.

  • Roxane and Roxanace are both formed from the old Bactrian raokshna.

  • Bactrian Sage, a name given to Zoroaster as a native of Bactria.

    The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

    Edited by Rev. James Wood

British Dictionary definitions for bactrian


  1. of or relating to Bactria,
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  1. a native or inhabitant of Bactria
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  1. an ancient country of SW Asia, between the Hindu Kush mountains and the Oxus River: forms the present Balkh region in N Afghanistan
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bactrian


"inhabitant of Bactria," late 14c.; as a type of camel, c.1600, from Latin Bactria, ancient region in what is now northwestern Afghanistan, literally "the western province," from Persian bakhtar "the west."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper