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bailout

or bail-out

[beyl-out]
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noun
  1. the act of parachuting from an aircraft, especially to escape a crash, fire, etc.
  2. an instance of coming to the rescue, especially financially: a government bailout of a large company.
  3. an alternative, additional choice, or the like: If the highway is jammed, you have two side roads as bailouts.
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adjective
  1. of, relating to, or consisting of means for relieving an emergency situation: bailout measures for hard-pressed smallbusinesses.
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Origin of bailout

First recorded in 1950–55; noun, adj. use of verb phrase bail out

bail3

[beyl]
verb (used with object)
  1. to dip (water) out of a boat, as with a bucket.
  2. to clear of water by dipping (usually followed by out): to bail out a boat.
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verb (used without object)
  1. to bail water.
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noun
  1. Also bail·er. a bucket, dipper, or other container used for bailing.
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Verb Phrases
  1. bail out,
    1. to make a parachute jump from an airplane.
    2. to relieve or assist (a person, company, etc.) in an emergency situation, especially a financial crisis: The corporation bailed out its failing subsidiary through a series of refinancing operations.
    3. to give up on or abandon something, as to evade a responsibility: His partner bailed out before the business failed.
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Also bale (for defs 1–3).

Origin of bail3

1425–75; late Middle English bayle < Middle French baille a bucket < Vulgar Latin *bāi(u)la; akin to Latin bāiulus carrier. See bail1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for bail out

bail out

bale out

verb (adverb)
  1. (intr) to make an emergency parachute jump from an aircraft
  2. (tr) informal to help (a person, organization, etc) out of a predicamentthe government bailed the company out
  3. (intr) informal to escape from a predicament
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bailout

noun
  1. an act of bailing out, usually by the government, of a failing institution or business
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bail1

noun
  1. a sum of money by which a person is bound to take responsibility for the appearance in court of another person or himself or herself, forfeited if the person fails to appear
  2. the person or persons so binding themselves; surety
  3. the system permitting release of a person from custody where such security has been takenhe was released on bail
  4. jump bail or formal forfeit bail to fail to appear in court to answer to a charge
  5. stand bail or go bail to act as surety (for someone)
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verb (tr)
  1. (often foll by out) to release or obtain the release of (a person) from custody, security having been made
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See also bail out

Word Origin

C14: from Old French: custody, from baillier to hand over, from Latin bāiulāre to carry burdens, from bāiulus carrier, of obscure origin

bail2

bale

verb
  1. (often foll by out) to remove (water) from (a boat)
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Derived Formsbailer or baler, noun

Word Origin

C13: from Old French baille bucket, from Latin bāiulus carrier

bail3

noun
  1. cricket either of two small wooden bars placed across the tops of the stumps to form the wicket
  2. agriculture
    1. a partition between stalls in a stable or barn, for horses
    2. a portable dairy house built on wheels or skids
  3. Australian and NZ a framework in a cowshed used to secure the head of a cow during milking
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verb
  1. See bail up
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Word Origin

C18: from Old French baile stake, fortification, probably from Latin baculum stick

bail4

bale

noun
  1. the semicircular handle of a kettle, bucket, etc
  2. a semicircular support for a canopy
  3. a movable bar on a typewriter that holds the paper against the platen
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Word Origin

C15: probably of Scandinavian origin; compare Old Norse beygja to bend
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bail out

bail

n.1

"bond money," late 15c., a sense that apparently developed from that of "temporary release from jail" (into the custody of another, who gives security), recorded from early 15c. That evolved from earlier meaning "captivity, custody" (early 14c.). From Old French baillier "to control, to guard, deliver" (12c.), from Latin bajulare "to bear a burden," from bajulus "porter," of unknown origin. In late 18c. criminal slang, to give leg bail meant "to run away."

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bail

v.1

"to dip water out of," 1610s, from baile (n.) "small wooden bucket" (mid-14c.), from nautical Old French baille "bucket, pail," from Medieval Latin *bajula (aquae), literally "porter of water," from Latin bajulare "to bear a burden" (see bail (n.1)). To bail out "leave suddenly" (intransitive) is recorded from 1930, originally of airplane pilots. Related: Bailed; bailing.

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bail

n.2

"horizontal piece of wood in a cricket wicket," c.1742, originally "any cross bar" (1570s), probably identical with Middle French bail "horizontal piece of wood affixed on two stakes," and with English bail "palisade wall, outer wall of a castle" (see bailey).

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bailout

n.

1945, in aviation, from bail (v.) + out (adv.). As "federal help for private business in trouble," from 1968.

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bail

v.2

"to procure someone's release from prison" (by posting bail), 1580s, from bail (n.1); usually with out. Related: Bailed; bailing.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with bail out

bail out

1

Empty water out of a boat, usually by dipping with a bucket or other container. For example, We had to keep bailing out water from this leaky canoe. [Early 1600s]

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2

Rescue someone in an emergency, especially a financial crisis of some kind, as in They were counting on an inheritance to bail them out. [Colloquial; 1900s]

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3

Jump out of an airplane, using a parachute. For example, When the second engine sputtered, the pilot decided to bail out. [c. 1930]

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4

Give up on something, abandon a responsibility, as in The company was not doing well, so John decided to bail out while he could still find another job. [Second half of 1900s]

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5

See make bail.

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bail

In addition to the idiom beginning with bail

  • bail out

also see:

  • make bail
  • out on bail
  • skip bail
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The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.