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bain-marie

[beyn-muh-ree; French ban-ma-ree]
noun, plural bains-ma·rie [beyn-muh-ree; French ban-ma-ree] /ˈbeɪn məˈri; French bɛ̃ maˈri/.
  1. (in cooking) a receptacle containing hot or boiling water into which other containers are placed to warm or cook the food in them.
  2. British. a double boiler.
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Origin of bain-marie

1815–25; < French, Middle French, translation of Medieval Latin balneum Mariae literally, bath of Mary, reputed to be a Jewish alchemist who devised such a heating technique, and sometimes identified with Moses' sister Miriam
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for bain-marie

bain-marie

noun plural bains-marie (bɛ̃mari)
  1. a vessel for holding hot water, in which sauces and other dishes are gently cooked or kept warm
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Word Origin for bain-marie

C19: from French, from Medieval Latin balneum Mariae, literally: bath of Mary, inaccurate translation of Medieval Greek kaminos Marios, literally: furnace of Miriam, alleged author of a treatise on alchemy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bain-marie

n.

1822, from French bain-marie, from Medieval Latin balneum Mariae, literally "bath of Mary." According to French sources, perhaps so called for the gentleness of its heating. Middle English had balne of mary (late 15c.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper