balsam

[ bawl-suh m ]
/ ˈbɔl səm /

noun


Nearby words

  1. balop,
  2. balopticon,
  3. balpa,
  4. balqash,
  5. balsa,
  6. balsam apple,
  7. balsam capivi,
  8. balsam family,
  9. balsam fir,
  10. balsam of peru

Origin of balsam

before 1000; Middle English balsamum, balsaum, Old English balzaman < Latin balsamum < Greek bálsamon. See balm

Related formsbal·sa·ma·ceous [bawl-suh-mey-shuh s] /ˌbɔl səˈmeɪ ʃəs/, adjectivebal·sam·ic [bawl-sam-ik] /bɔlˈsæm ɪk/, adjectivebal·sam·y, adjective

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for balsam


British Dictionary definitions for balsam

balsam

/ (ˈbɔːlsəm) /

noun

any of various fragrant oleoresins, such as balm or tolu, obtained from any of several trees and shrubs and used as a base for medicines and perfumes
any of various similar substances used as medicinal or ceremonial ointments
any of certain aromatic resinous turpentinesSee also Canada balsam
any plant yielding balsam
Also called: busy Lizzie any of several balsaminaceous plants of the genus Impatiens, esp I. balsamina, cultivated for its brightly coloured flowers
anything healing or soothing
Derived Formsbalsamic (bɔːlˈsæmɪk), adjectivebalsamy, adjective

Word Origin for balsam

C15: from Latin balsamum, from Greek balsamon, from Hebrew bāśām spice

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for balsam

balsam

n.

1570s, "aromatic resin used for healing wounds and soothing pains," from Latin balsamum "gum of the balsam tree" (see balm). There is an isolated Old English reference from c.1000, and Middle English used basme, baume, from the French form of the word. As a type of flowering plant of the Impatiens family, it is attested from 1741.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Science definitions for balsam

balsam

[ bôlsəm ]

Any of several aromatic resins that flow from certain plants and that contain considerable amounts of benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, or both, or their esters. Balsams are used in perfumes and medicines.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.