a suburb of a city

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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Word Origin and History for banlieue

French, "suburbs, precincts," from Vulgar Latin *banleuca, from ban (see ban (n.1)) + leuca "a league (of distance)," in Medieval Latin, "indefinite extent of territory" (see league (n.2)). So, "the extent of a ban; the territory within which a ban is of force," hence, "territory subject to one jurisdiction."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper