any of the pairs of the hydrogen-bonded purine and pyrimidine bases that form the links between the sugar-phosphate backbones of nucleic acid molecules: the pairs are adenine and thymine in DNA, adenine and uracil in RNA, and guanine and cytosine in both DNA and RNA.
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How to use base pair in a sentence
These new technologies allow the jigsaw pieces to be thousands or even millions of base pairs long, making them easier to assemble.Why It Took 20 Years to ‘Finish’ the Human Genome—and Why There’s Still More to Do | Melissa Southey | June 13, 2021 | Singularity Hub
After all, Z forms three hydrogen bonds with thymine, instead of the two hydrogen bonds that hold A–T base pairs together.Some viruses thwart bacterial defenses with a unique genetic alphabet | Tina Hesman Saey | May 5, 2021 | Science News
They created an AI that mines enormous datasets to determine the most likely distance between a protein’s base pairs and the angles of their chemical bonds—aka, the basics of protein-folding.How AI Will Make Drug Discovery Low-Cost, Ultra-Fast, and Personalized | Peter H. Diamandis, MD | July 23, 2020 | Singularity Hub
Nanopore sequencing works by passing DNA molecules through a tiny hole and measuring the change in an electric current running across the hole’s surface to work out the sequence of base pairs in the molecules.For the First Time, Scientists Fully Sequenced the Human X Chromosome | Edd Gent | July 20, 2020 | Singularity Hub
Not only did the insertion work, the extra base pair was kept by offspring of the original bacterium.
Scientific definitions for base pair
Any of the pairs of nucleotides connecting the complementary strands of a molecule of DNA or RNA and consisting of a purine linked to a pyrimidine by hydrogen bonds. The base pairs are adenine-thymine and guanine-cytosine in DNA, and adenine-uracil and guanine-cytosine in RNA or in hybrid DNA-RNA pairing. Base pairs may be thought of as the rungs of the DNA ladder.
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