bashi-bazouk

[ bash-ee-buh-zook ]
/ ˌbæʃ i bəˈzuk /

noun

(formerly) one of a class of irregular mounted troops in the Turkish military service.

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Origin of bashi-bazouk

First recorded in 1850–55, bashi-bazouk is from the Turkish word başι-bozuk civilian, irregular, orig., leaderless, not attached (to a regular military unit), literally, (one) whose head (is) broken
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

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