Bates

[beyts]

bate

1
[beyt]
verb (used with object), bat·ed, bat·ing.
  1. to moderate or restrain: unable to bate our enthusiasm.
  2. to lessen or diminish; abate: setbacks that bated his hopes.
verb (used without object), bat·ed, bat·ing.
  1. to diminish or subside; abate.
Idioms
  1. with bated breath, with breath drawn in or held because of anticipation or suspense: We watched with bated breath as the runners approached the finish line.

Origin of bate

1
1250–1300; Middle English, aphetic variant of abate
Can be confusedbaited bated

bate

2
[beyt]
verb (used without object), bat·ed, bat·ing.
  1. (of a hawk) to flutter its wings and attempt to escape in a fit of anger or fear.
noun
  1. a state of violent anger or fear.

Origin of bate

2
1250–1300; Middle English baten to beat, flap (wings, etc.) < Middle French (se) batreLatin battuere to beat; cf. abate

bate

3
[beyt]
verb (used with or without object), bat·ed, bat·ing.
  1. Tanning. to soak (leather) after liming in an alkaline solution to soften it and remove the lime.
noun
  1. the solution used.

Origin of bate

3
1870–75; variant of beat to pare off turf, Old English bǣtan to bait; cognate with Swedish beta to tan, German beissen to macerate
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for bates

lapse, ebb, slacken, wane, ease, lessen, restrain, abate, curb, moderate, check

Examples from the Web for bates

Contemporary Examples of bates

Historical Examples of bates

  • Bates was a stout sailor, rough in appearance, but with a warm and kindly heart.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • The mandate was obeyed, and Bates was lodged in the forecastle, securely ironed.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Then they launched the ship's boat, in which Bates had come to the island, and put out to sea.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • They stopped short in surprise at the sight of Robert and Bates.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • Bates touched his hat, for he judged this was the captain of the vessel he had seen.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger


British Dictionary definitions for bates

Bates

noun
  1. Sir Alan (Arthur). 1934–2003, British film and stage actor. His films include A Kind of Loving (1962), Women in Love (1969), The Go-Between (1971), and The Cherry Orchard (1999)
  2. H (erbert) E (rnest). 1905–74, English writer of short stories and novels, which include The Darling Buds of May (1958), A Moment in Time (1964), and The Triple Echo (1970)

bate

1
verb
  1. another word for abate
  2. with bated breath holding one's breath in suspense or fear

bate

2
verb
  1. (intr) (of hawks) to jump violently from a perch or the falconer's fist, often hanging from the leash while struggling to escape

Word Origin for bate

C13: from Old French batre to beat, from Latin battuere; related to bat 1

bate

3
verb (tr)
  1. to soak (skin or hides) in a special solution to soften them and remove chemicals used in previous treatments
noun
  1. the solution used

Word Origin for bate

Old English bǣtan to bait 1

bate

4
noun
  1. British slang a bad temper or rage

Word Origin for bate

C19: from bait 1, alluding to the mood of a person who is being baited
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bates

bate

v.1

"to reduce, to lessen in intensity," c.1300, shortening of abate (q.v.). Now only in phrase bated breath, which was used by Shakespeare in "The Merchant of Venice" (1596).

bate

v.2

c.1300, "to contend with blows or arguments," from Old French batre "to hit, beat, strike," from Late Latin battere, from Latin batuere "to beat, knock" (see batter (v.)). In falconry, "to beat the wings impatiently and flutter away from the perch." Figurative sense of "to flutter downward" attested from 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper