[ben-zoh-eyt, -it]

noun Chemistry.

a salt or ester of benzoic acid.

Origin of benzoate

First recorded in 1800–10; benzo- + -ate2 Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for benzoate

Historical Examples of benzoate

  • Her talk these days was of formaldehyde, benzoate of soda, and salicylic acid.

    Miss Billy Married

    Eleanor H. Porter

  • The use of benzoic acid (benzoate of soda) as a food preservative illustrates several phases of the controversy.

    Food Poisoning

    Edwin Oakes Jordan

  • They also ferment readily, although a small percentage of preservative, such as benzoate of soda, will halt spoilage.

    All About Coffee

    William H. Ukers

  • Benzoate of potash results when chloride of benzoyle is treated with caustic potash.

    The Art of Perfumery

    G. W. Septimus Piesse

  • It also appears that a benzoate is still present, though no longer mentioned in the formula.

British Dictionary definitions for benzoate



any salt or ester of benzoic acid, containing the group C 6 H 5 COO– or the ion C 6 H 5 COO Systematic name: benzenecarboxylate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

benzoate in Medicine




A salt or ester of benzoic acid.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

benzoate in Science



A salt or ester of benzoic acid, having the general formula C6H5COOR, where R is an element or group that has replaced the hydrogen in the carboxyl group (COOH) of benzoic acid. In salts of benzoic acid, R is a metal, while in esters of benzoic acid, R is another radical, such as methyl.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.