biofouling

[ bahy-oh-fou-ling ]
/ ˈbaɪ oʊˌfaʊ lɪŋ /

noun

the gradual accumulation of organisms such as algae, bacteria, barnacles, and protozoa on underwater equipment, pipes, and surfaces, corroding and impairing structures and systems.

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OTHER WORDS FROM biofouling

bi·o·foul·er, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Scientific definitions for biofouling

biofouling
[ bīō-fou′lĭng ]

The impairment or degradation of underwater surfaces or equipment as a result of the growth of living organisms. Organisms such as bacteria, protozoans, algae, and crustaceans can accumulate in large numbers on surfaces like pipes, tanks, and ships' hulls, resulting in corrosion, clogging, contamination, or a decrease in the efficiency of moving parts.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.