bloated

[bloh-tid]

adjective

swollen; puffed up; overlarge.
excessively vain; conceited.
excessively fat; obese.

Origin of bloated

First recorded in 1655–65; bloat + -ed2
Related formsbloat·ed·ness, nounun·bloat·ed, adjective

bloat

[bloht]

verb (used with object)

to expand or distend, as with air, water, etc.; cause to swell: Overeating bloated their bellies.
to puff up; make vain or conceited: The promotion has bloated his ego to an alarming degree.
to cure (fishes) as bloaters.

verb (used without object)

to become swollen; be puffed out or dilated: The carcass started to bloat.

noun

Also called hoven. Veterinary Pathology. (in cattle, sheep, and horses) a distention of the rumen or paunch or of the large colon by gases of fermentation, caused by eating ravenously of green forage, especially legumes.
a person or thing that is bloated.

Origin of bloat

1250–1300; earlier bloat (adj.) soft, puffy, Middle English blout < Old Norse blautr wet, soft

Synonyms for bloat

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

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British Dictionary definitions for bloated

bloated

adjective

swollen, as with a liquid, air, or wind
puffed up, as with conceit

bloat

verb

to swell or cause to swell, as with a liquid, air, or wind
to become or cause to be puffed up, as with conceit
(tr) to cure (fish, esp herring) by half-drying in smoke

noun

vet science an abnormal distention of the abdomen in cattle, sheep, etc, caused by accumulation of gas in the stomach

Word Origin for bloat

C17: probably related to Old Norse blautr soaked, Old English blāt pale
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for bloated
adj.

"overgrown," 1660s, past participle adjective from bloat (v.). Figurative sense by 1711.

bloat

v.

1670s, "to cause to swell" (earlier, in reference to cured fish, "to cause to be soft," 1610s), from now obsolete bloat (adj.), attested from c.1300 as "soft, flabby, flexible, pliable," but by 17c. meaning "puffed up, swollen." Perhaps from a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse blautr "soaked, soft from being cooked in liquid" (cf. Swedish blöt fisk "soaked fish"), possibly from Proto-Germanic *blaut-, from PIE *bhleu- "to swell, well up, overflow," an extension of root *bhel- (2) "to blow, inflate, swell" (see bole).

Influenced by or combined with Old English blawan "blow, puff." Figurative use by 1711. Intransitive meaning "to swell, to become swollen" is from 1735. Related: Bloated; bloating.

bloat

n.

1860 as a disease of livestock, from bloat (v.). Meaning "bloatedness" is from 1905.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for bloated

bloat

[blōt]

n.

Abdominal distention due to swallowed air or intestinal gas production.
Related formsbloated (blōtĭd) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.