[ buh-liv-ee-uh, boh-; Spanish baw-lee-vyah ]

  1. a republic in western South America. 404,388 sq. mi. (1,047,370 sq. km). Capitals: La Paz and Sucre.

Other words from Bolivia

  • an·ti-Bo·liv·i·an, adjective, noun
  • Bo·liv·i·an, adjective, noun
  • pro-Bo·liv·i·an, adjective, noun
  • pseu·do-Bo·liv·i·an, adjective, noun

Words Nearby Bolivia Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

How to use Bolivia in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Bolivia


/ (bəˈlɪvɪə) /

  1. an inland republic in central S America: original Aymará Indian population conquered by the Incas in the 13th century; colonized by Spain from 1538; became a republic in 1825; consists of low plains in the east, with ranges of the Andes rising to over 6400 m (21 000 ft) and the Altiplano, a plateau averaging 3900 m (13 000 ft) in the west; contains some of the world's highest inhabited regions; important producer of tin and other minerals. Official languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. Religion: Roman Catholic. Currency: boliviano. Capital: La Paz (administrative); Sucre (judicial). Pop: 10 461 053 (2013 est). Area: 1 098 580 sq km (424 260 sq miles)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Cultural definitions for Bolivia


Republic in western South America, bordered by Chile and Peru to the west, Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay to the southeast, and Argentina to the south. Sucre is its constitutional capital and its largest city; La Paz is its administrative capital.

Notes for Bolivia

Simón Bolívar founded Bolivia in 1825 after winning independence from Spanish rule.

Notes for Bolivia

The Bolivian government has long fought widespread drug production and trafficking in the country.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.