- simple past tense and past participle of bind.
- tied; in bonds: a bound prisoner.
- made fast as if by a band or bond: She is bound to her family.
- secured within a cover, as a book.
- under a legal or moral obligation: He is bound by the terms of the contract.
- destined; sure; certain: It is bound to happen.
- determined or resolved: He is bound to go.
- Pathology. constipated.
- Mathematics. (of a vector) having a specified initial point as well as magnitude and direction.Compare free(def 32).
- held with another element, substance, or material in chemical or physical union.
- (of a linguistic form) occurring only in combination with other forms, as most affixes.Compare free(def 35).
- bound up in/with,
- inseparably connected with.
- devoted or attached to: She is bound up in her teaching.
Origin of bound1
- to move by leaps; leap; jump; spring: The colt bounded through the meadow.
- to rebound, as a ball; bounce: The ball bounded against the wall.
- a leap onward or upward; jump.
- a rebound; bounce.
Origin of bound2
- Usually bounds. limit or boundary: the bounds of space and time; within the bounds of his estate; within the bounds of reason.
- something that limits, confines, or restrains.
- territories on or near a boundary.
- land within boundary lines.
- Mathematics. a number greater than or equal to, or less than or equal to, all the numbers in a given set.Compare greatest lower bound, least upper bound, lower bound, upper bound.
- to limit by or as if by bounds; keep within limits or confines.
- to form the boundary or limit of.
- to name or list the boundary of.
- to abut.
- out of bounds,
- beyond the official boundaries, prescribed limits, or restricted area: The ball bounced out of bounds.
- forbidden; prohibited: The park is out of bounds to students.
Origin of bound3
Examples from the Web for bounds
If the operation caused no physical damage, it would be in bounds.
If it was the United States, the operation will test the bounds of international law.
Cosby is hardly the first star to step outside the bounds of marriage.When Your Comic Hero Is an Alleged Rapist
November 18, 2014
Thanks to George no topic is out of bounds, no language is off limits.Why George Carlin Deserves His Own Street
October 21, 2014
Inside the quarantine zone, even more specific procedures were outlined to keep those within the bounds of it safe.1976 Vs. Today: Ebola’s Terrifying Evolution
September 10, 2014
This was an advance by leaps and bounds which has not since been maintained.The Story of the Invention of Steel Pens
The pride and ambition of the Syracusans now knew no bounds.Stories from Thucydides
H. L. Havell
Have you no bounds beyond which even your indecent curiosity must not go?American Notes
Within the bounds of possibility, their turn to stumble might now be imminent.The Black Bag
Louis Joseph Vance
Well, well, youth's the season for silliness, but there's bounds—there's bounds.The Incomplete Amorist
- (sometimes singular) a limit; boundary (esp in the phrase know no bounds)
- something that restrains or confines, esp the standards of a societywithin the bounds of modesty
- beat the bounds See beat (def. 26)
- the past tense and past participle of bind
- in bonds or chains; tied with or as if with a ropea bound prisoner
- (in combination) restricted; confinedhousebound; fogbound
- (postpositive , foll by an infinitive) destined; sure; certainit's bound to happen
- (postpositive, often foll by by) compelled or obliged to act, behave, or think in a particular way, as by duty, circumstance, or convention
- (of a book) secured within a cover or bindingto deliver bound books See also half-bound
- (postpositive, foll by on) US resolved; determinedbound on winning
- denoting a morpheme, such as the prefix non-, that occurs only as part of another word and not as a separate word in itselfCompare free (def. 21)
- (in systemic grammar) denoting a clause that has a nonfinite predicator or that is introduced by a binder, and that occurs only together with a freestanding clauseCompare freestanding
- logic (of a variable) occurring within the scope of a quantifier that indicates the degree of generality of the open sentence in which the variable occurs: in (x) (Fx → bxy), x is bound and y is freeSee free (def. 22)
- bound up with closely or inextricably linked withhis irritability is bound up with his work
- I'll be bound I am sure (something) is true
- to move forwards or make (one's way) by leaps or jumps
- to bounce; spring away from an impact
- a jump upwards or forwards
- by leaps and bounds with unexpectedly rapid progessher condition improved by leaps and bounds
- a sudden pronounced sense of excitementhis heart gave a sudden bound when he saw her
- a bounce, as of a ball
- (tr) to place restrictions on; limit
- (when intr, foll by on) to form a boundary of (an area of land or sea, political or administrative region, etc)
- a number which is greater than all the members of a set of numbers (an upper bound), or less than all its members (a lower bound)See also bounded (def. 1)
- more generally, an element of an ordered set that has the same ordering relation to all the members of a given subset
- whence, an estimate of the extent of some set
- See bounds
- (postpositive, often foll by for)going or intending to go towards; on the way toa ship bound for Jamaica; homeward bound
- (in combination)northbound traffic
Word Origin and History for bounds
"to leap," 1580s, from French bondir "to rebound, resound, echo," from Old French bondir "to leap, rebound; make a noise, beat (a drum)," 13c., ultimately "to echo back," from Vulgar Latin *bombitire "to buzz, hum" (see bomb (n.)), perhaps on model of Old French tentir, from Vulgar Latin *tinnitire.
"fastened," mid-14c., in figurative sense of "compelled," from bounden, past participle of bind (v.). Meaning "under obligation" is from late 15c.; the literal sense "made fast by tying" is the latest recorded (1550s).
"ready to go," c.1200, boun, from Old Norse buinn past participle of bua "to prepare," also "to dwell, to live," from Proto-Germanic *bowan (cf. Old High German buan "to dwell," Old Danish both "dwelling, stall"), from PIE root *bheue- "to be, exist, dwell" (see be). Final -d is presumably through association with bound (adj.1).
"limit," c.1200, from Anglo-Latin bunda, from Old French bonde "limit, boundary, boundary stone" (12c., Modern French borne), variant of bodne, from Medieval Latin bodina, perhaps from Gaulish. Now chiefly in out of bounds, which originally referred to limits imposed on students at schools.
"to form the boundary of," also "to set the boundaries of," late 14c., from bound (n.). Related: Bounded; bounding.
Idioms and Phrases with bounds
In addition to the idioms beginning with bound
- bound and determined to
- bound for
- bound hand and foot
- bound to, be
- bound up in
- by leaps and bounds
- duty bound
- honor bound
- out of bounds
- within bounds
Also see underbind.