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brat

[ brat ]
/ bræt /
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noun

a child, especially an annoying, spoiled, or impolite child (usually used in contempt or irritation).

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Origin of brat

First recorded in 1500–20; perhaps transferred use of Middle English brat “cloak of coarse cloth, rag,” Old English bratt “cloak,” from Celtic; compare Irish brat “mantle, cloak”
Dr. Johnson never minced words: in his Dictionary (1755) he defines brat as “A child, so called in contempt.” A few years earlier, in 1750, in one of his articles for the Rambler, No. 15, Dr. Johnson writes, “The children are out at nurse in villages as cheap as any two little brats can be kept, nor have I ever seen them since; so he has no trouble about them.” Brat was and still is not always used in contempt, but at the time, the word usually implied insignificance or poverty, as in beggar’s brat.
Brat probably comes from a Celtic language: in Irish, bratt means “a cloak, a cloth (especially as a covering for one’s body)”; in Welsh, brethyn means “cloth.” In Old English, bratt “cloak” is used in the Lindisfarne Gospels dating to the early 8th century, composed on Lindisfarne, an island off the east coast of Northumberland. Chaucer uses brat “a cloak of cloth” in The Canterbury Tales (after 1394). In British dialects of the Midlands and North, brat means “a woman’s or child’s apron, pinafore.”
The American military slang term army brat, “the son or daughter of a career officer or enlisted person,” dates to the early 1930s. Brat pack, “a successful, highly confident, and often close-knit group of famous young people, especially actors,” dates to the mid-1980s.
brattish, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for brat (1 of 2)

brat1
/ (bræt) /

noun

a child, esp one who is ill-mannered or unruly: used contemptuously or playfully
C16: perhaps special use of earlier brat rag, from Old English bratt cloak, of Celtic origin; related to Old Irish bratt cloth, brat ²

British Dictionary definitions for brat (2 of 2)

brat2
/ (bræt) /

noun

Northern English dialect an apron or overall
from Old English brat cloak; related to Old Irish bratt cloth used to cover the body
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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