- the irregular motion of small particles suspended in a liquid or a gas, caused by the bombardment of the particles by molecules of the medium: first observed by Robert Brown in 1827.
Origin of Brownian movement
1870–75; Brown + -ian
Also called Brownian motion.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- random movement of microscopic particles suspended in a fluid, caused by bombardment of the particles by molecules of the fluid. First observed in 1827, it provided strong evidence in support of the kinetic theory of molecules
Word Origin for Brownian movement
C19: named after Robert Brown
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
1871, for Scottish scientist Dr. Robert Brown (1773-1858), who first described it.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- The random movement of microscopic particles suspended in a liquid or gas, caused by collisions with molecules of the surrounding medium.Brownian motion molecular movement pedesis
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.