- to come more or less violently in contact with; collide with; strike: His car bumped a truck.
- to cause to strike or collide: He bumped the car against a tree.
- to dislodge or displace by the force of collision.
- to dislodge by appropriating the privileges of: The airline bumped me from the flight.
- to demote or dismiss: He was bumped from his job.
- to force upward; raise: Demand from abroad bumped the price of corn.
- to move to a new position: We had to bump your story to next week's paper.
- Digital Technology. to move (an online post or thread) to the top of the reverse chronological list by adding a new comment or post to the thread: I bumped the question I posted last week to make it more visible.
- Poker. raise(def 24).
- to come in contact or collide with (often followed by against or into): She bumped into me.
- to bounce along; proceed in a series of jolts: The old car bumped down the road.
- to dance by thrusting the pelvis forward abruptly, in a provocative manner, especially to the accompaniment of an accented musical beat.Compare grind(def 14).
- to boil with violent jolts caused by the sudden eruption of large bubbles through the surface.
- an act or instance of bumping; collision; blow.
- the shock of a blow or collision.
- a swelling or contusion from a blow.
- a small area raised above the level of the surrounding surface; protuberance: He tripped over a bump on the sidewalk.
- Informal. a promotion or demotion; transfer to a higher or lower level: He got a bump to vice president of the company.
- Informal. an increase in amount, especially of salary or a wager: He asked the boss for a ten-dollar bump.
- Aeronautics. a rapidly rising current of air that gives an airplane a severe upward thrust.
- a dance movement in which the pelvis is abruptly thrust forward in a provocative manner, especially to the accompaniment of an accented musical beat.Compare grind(def 20).
- Mining. crump(def 6).
- bump into, Informal. to meet by chance: I bumped into an old friend yesterday.
- bump off, Slang. to kill, especially to murder: They bumped him off because he knew too much.
Origin of bump
- (intr, preposition) informal to meet by chance; encounter unexpectedly
- (when intr , usually foll by against or into) to knock or strike with a jolt
- (intr often foll by along) to travel or proceed in jerks and jolts
- (tr) to hurt by knockinghe bumped his head on the ceiling
- (tr) to knock out of place; dislodgethe crash bumped him from his chair
- (tr) British to throw (a child) into the air, one other child holding each limb, and let him down again to touch the ground
- (in rowing races, esp at Oxford and Cambridge) to catch up with and touch (another boat that started a fixed distance ahead)
- cricket to bowl (a ball) so that it bounces high on pitching or (of a ball) to bounce high when bowled
- (intr) mainly US and Canadian to dance erotically by thrusting the pelvis forward (esp in the phrase bump and grind)
- (tr) poker to raise (someone)
- (tr) informal to exclude a ticket-holding passenger from a flight as a result of overbooking
- (tr) informal to displace (someone or something) from a previously allocated positionthe story was bumped from the front page
- bump uglies US slang to have sexual intercourse
- an impact; knock; jolt; collision
- a dull thud or other noise from an impact or collision
- the shock of a blow or collision
- a lump on the body caused by a blow
- a protuberance, as on a road surface
- any of the natural protuberances of the human skull, said by phrenologists to indicate underlying faculties and character
- a rising current of air that gives an aircraft a severe upward jolt
- (plural) the act of bumping a child. See sense 5
- rowing the act of bumpingSee bumping race
- bump ball cricket a ball that bounces into the air after being hit directly into the ground by the batsman
Word Origin for bump
1590s, "protuberance caused by a blow;" 1610s as "a dull, solid blow;" see bump (v.). The dancer's bump and grind attested from 1940.
1560s, "to bulge out;" 1610s, "to strike heavily," perhaps from Scandinavian, probably echoic, original sense was "hitting" then of "swelling from being hit." Also has a long association with obsolete bum "to make a booming noise," which perhaps influenced surviving senses such as bumper crop, for something full to the brim (see bumper). To bump into "meet" is from 1880s; to bump off "kill" is 1908 in underworld slang. Related: Bumped; bumping. Bumpsy (adj.) was old slang for "drunk" (1610s).
Also, bump against. Collide, come in contact with; same as bang into. For example, It's easy to bump into furniture in the dark. [Mid-1800s]
Encounter, meet by chance, as in While I was downtown, I bumped into George. [Colloquial; 1880s] Also see run into.
In addition to the idioms beginning with bump
- bump into
- bump off
- bump up
- goose pimples (bumps)
- like a bump on a log