verb (used without object), burned or burnt, burn·ing.
- to undergo combustion, either fast or slow; oxidize.
- to undergo fission or fusion.
verb (used with object), burned or burnt, burn·ing.
- to cease functioning because something has been exhausted or burned up, as fuel or a filament: Our light bulbs burned out.
- to deprive of a place to live, work, etc., by reason of fire: They were burned out and had to live with relatives.
- to wear out; exhaust; be worn out; become exhausted.
- to burn completely or utterly: The papers burned up in a minute.
- Informal.to become angry: He burns up at the mention of her name.
- burmese cat,
- burmese glass,
- burmese jade,
- burn at the stake,
- burn bag,
- burn center,
- burn down,
- burn in
Origin of burn1
- the termination of effective combustion in a rocket engine, due to exhaustion of propellant.
- the end of the powered portion of a rocket's flight.
Origin of burnout
verb burns, burning, burnt or burned
Word Origin for burn
Word Origin for burn
12c., combination of Old Norse brenna "to burn, light," and two originally distinct Old English verbs: bærnan "to kindle" (transitive) and beornan "to be on fire" (intransitive), all from Proto-Germanic *brennan/*branajan (cf. Middle Dutch bernen, Dutch branden, Old High German brinnan, German brennen, Gothic -brannjan "to set on fire"). This perhaps is from PIE *gwher- "to heat, warm" (see warm (adj.)), or from PIE *bhre-n-u, from root *bhreue- "to boil forth, well up" (see brew (v.)). Related: Burned/burnt (see -ed); burning.
Figuratively (of passions, battle, etc.) in Old English. Meaning "cheat, swindle, victimize" is first attested 1650s. In late 18c, slang, burned meant "infected with venereal disease." To burn one's bridges (behind one) "behave so as to destroy any chance of returning to a status quo" (attested by 1892 in Mark Twain), perhaps ultimately is from reckless cavalry raids in the American Civil War. Slavic languages have historically used different and unrelated words for the transitive and intransitive senses of "set fire to"/"be on fire:" cf. Polish palić/gorzeć, Russian žeč'/gorel.
c.1300, "act of burning," from Old English bryne, from the same source as burn (v.). Until mid-16c. the usual spelling was brenne. Meaning "mark made by burning" is from 1520s. Slow burn first attested 1938, in reference to U.S. movie actor Edgar Kennedy (1890-1948), who made it his specialty.
Stop functioning because something, such as fuel, has been used up. For example, There's nothing wrong with the lamp; the light bulb just burned out. [Late 1300s]
be burned out. Lose one's home, place of work, or school as the result of a fire. For example, Hundreds of tenants are burned out every year because of negligent landlords.
Also, burn oneself out. Make or become exhausted or disaffected, especially with one's work or schooling. For example, Many young lawyers burn themselves out after a few years of 70-hour weeks. This metaphoric term alludes to a fire going out for lack of new fuel. Robert Southey used it in an 1816 essay: “The spirit of Jacobinism was burnt out in France.” [1970s]
In addition to the idioms beginning with burn
- burn at the stake
- burn down
- burned up
- burn in effigy
- burning question
- burn into
- burn off
- burn one's bridges
- burn oneself out
- burn one's fingers
- burn out
- burn rubber
- burn someone up
- burn the candle at both ends
- burn the midnight oil
- burn to a cinder
- burn up
- crash and burn
- ears are burning
- fiddle while Rome burns
- (burn) in effigy
- money burns a hole in one's pocket
- money to burn
- slow burn