• synonyms


[kal-uh n-der]
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  1. a machine in which cloth, paper, or the like, is smoothed, glazed, etc., by pressing between rotating cylinders.
  2. a machine for impregnating fabric with rubber, as in the manufacture of automobile tires.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to press in a calender.
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Origin of calender

1505–15; < Middle French calandre, by vowel assimilation < *colandre < Vulgar Latin *colendra, for Latin cylindrus cylinder; compare Middle English calendrer (< Anglo-French) as name of occupation
Related formscal·en·der·er, noun
Can be confusedcalendar calender colander


[kal-uh n-der]
  1. qalandar.
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or Cal·en·der

[kal-uh n-der]
  1. (in Islamic countries) one of an order of mendicant dervishes founded in the 14th century.
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Origin of qalandar

From Persian
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

register, detail, note, place, classify, file, enter, post, specify, invoice, tab, enumerate, poll, numerate, index, particularize, itemize, catalogue, book, inventory

Examples from the Web for calender

Historical Examples

  • “Ay, where the Frenchmen live that calender worsted,” returned Giles.

    The Armourer's Prentices

    Charlotte M. Yonge

  • The verb to calender, to press and gloss cloth, etc., is from Old Fr.

  • They are then subjected to the powerful pressure of the calender rollers.

  • The calender is also used to press rubber into sheets of uniform thickness.

  • Whereof at present we find experience in the Calender we observe.

British Dictionary definitions for calender


  1. a machine in which paper or cloth is glazed or smoothed by passing between rollers
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  1. (tr) to subject (material) to such a process
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Word Origin

C17: from French calandre, of unknown origin


  1. a member of a mendicant order of dervishes in Turkey, Iran, and India
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Word Origin

from Persian kalandar
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for calender


"to pass through a calender," a machine which smooths and presses paper, cloth, etc., 1510s, from Middle French calandre, the machine name, from Medieval Latin calendra (see calender (n.)).

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"machine which smooths and presses paper, cloth, etc.," 1510s (late 13c. in surnames of persons who use such a machine), 1510s, from Old French calandreur, from Medieval Latin calendra "cloth-pressing machine," so called from the shape of the machine used, from Latin cylindrus, from Greek kylindros "roll, cylinder" (see cylinder).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper