- afflicted with ill health or disease; ailing.
- affected with nausea; inclined to vomit.
- deeply affected with some unpleasant feeling, as of sorrow, disgust, or boredom: sick at heart; to be sick of parties.
- mentally, morally, or emotionally deranged, corrupt, or unsound: a sick mind; wild statements that made him seem sick.
- characteristic of a sick mind: sick fancies.
- dwelling on or obsessed with that which is gruesome, sadistic, ghoulish, or the like; morbid: a sick comedian; sick jokes.
- of, relating to, or for use during sickness: He applied for sick benefits.
- accompanied by or suggestive of sickness; sickly: a sick pallor; the sick smell of disinfectant in the corridors.
- disgusted; chagrined.
- not in proper condition; impaired.
- Slang. great; amazing: The plot is boring but the special effects are sick!
- failing to sustain adequate harvests of some crop, usually specified: a wheat-sick soil.
- containing harmful microorganisms: a sick field.
- Now Rare. menstruating.
- (used with a plural verb) sick persons collectively (usually preceded by the).
- call in sick, to notify one's place of employment by telephone that one will be absent from work because of being ill.
- sick and tired, utterly weary; fed up: I'm sick and tired of working so hard!
- sick at one's stomach, Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. nauseated.
- sick to one's stomach, Chiefly Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. nauseated.
Origin of sick1
SynonymsSee more synonyms for sick on Thesaurus.com
- inclined or likely to vomit
- suffering from ill health
- (as collective noun; preceded by the)the sick
- of, relating to, or used by people who are unwellsick benefits
- (in combination)sickroom
- deeply affected with a mental or spiritual feeling akin to physical sicknesssick at heart
- mentally, psychologically, or spiritually disturbed
- informal delighting in or catering for the macabre or sadistic; morbidsick humour
- Also: sick and tired (often foll by of) informal disgusted or weary, esp because satiatedI am sick of his everlasting laughter
- (often foll by for) weary with longing; piningI am sick for my own country
- pallid or sickly
- not in working order
- (of land) unfit for the adequate production of certain crops
- look sick slang to be outclassed
- an informal word for vomit
- a variant spelling of sic 2
Word Origin and History for call in sick
"to chase, set upon" (as in command sick him!), 1845, dialectal variant of seek. Used as an imperative to incite a dog to attack a person or animal; hence "cause to pursue." Related: Sicked; sicking.
"unwell," Old English seoc "ill, diseased, feeble, weak; corrupt; sad, troubled, deeply affected," from Proto-Germanic *seukaz, of uncertain origin. The general Germanic word (cf. Old Norse sjukr, Danish syg, Old Saxon siok, Old Frisian siak, Middle Dutch siec, Dutch ziek, Old High German sioh, Gothic siuks "sick, ill"), but in German and Dutch displaced by krank "weak, slim," probably originally with a sense of "twisted, bent" (see crank (n.)).
Restricted meaning "having an inclination to vomit, affected with nausea" is from 1610s; sense of "tired or weary (of something), disgusted from satiety" is from 1590s; phrase sick and tired of is attested from 1783. Meaning "mentally twisted" in modern colloquial use is from 1955, a revival of the word in this sense from 1550s (sense of "spiritually or morally corrupt" was in Old English, which also had seocmod "infirm of mind"); sick joke is from 1958.
"those who are sick," Old English seoce, from sick (adj).
- Suffering from or affected with a disease or disorder.
- Of or for sick persons.
- Mentally ill or disturbed.
- Constituting an unhealthy environment for those working or residing within, as of a building.
Idioms and Phrases with call in sick
call in sick
Telephone one's employer or school that one is ill and cannot come to work or attend. For example, Ben called in sick and told his boss he would miss the meeting. [Mid-1900s]