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callus

[kal-uh s]
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noun, plural cal·lus·es.
  1. Pathology, Physiology.
    1. a hardened or thickened part of the skin; a callosity.
    2. a new growth of osseous matter at the ends of a fractured bone, serving to unite them.
  2. Also callose. Botany.
    1. the tissue that forms over the wounds of plants, protecting the inner tissues and causing healing.
    2. a deposit on the perforated area of a sieve tube.
    3. (in grasses) a tough swelling at the base of a lemma or palea.
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verb (used without object), cal·lused, cal·lus·ing.
  1. to form a callus.
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verb (used with object), cal·lused, cal·lus·ing.
  1. to produce a callus or calluses on: Heavy work callused his hands.
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Origin of callus

1555–65; < Latin callus, masculine variant of callum; see callous
Related formsun·cal·lused, adjective
Can be confusedcallous callus
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for callus

conform, strengthen, stupefy, discipline, inure, develop, callous, acclimatize, adapt, habituate, stun, steel, embitter, season, train, numb, deaden, teach, dull, stiffen

Examples from the Web for callus

Historical Examples of callus


British Dictionary definitions for callus

callus

noun plural -luses
  1. Also called: callosity an area of skin that is hard or thick, esp on the palm of the hand or sole of the foot, as from continual friction or pressure
  2. an area of bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone
  3. botany
    1. a mass of hard protective tissue produced in woody plants at the site of an injury
    2. an accumulation of callose in the sieve tubes
  4. biotechnology a mass of undifferentiated cells produced as the first stage in tissue culture
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verb
  1. to produce or cause to produce a callus
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Word Origin for callus

C16: from Latin, variant of callum hardened skin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for callus

n.

"hardened skin," 1560s, from Latin callus, variant of callum "hard skin," related to callere "be hard," from PIE root *kal- "hard" (cf. Sanskrit kalika "bud," Old Irish calath "hard," Old Church Slavonic kaliti "to cool, harden").

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

callus in Medicine

callus

(kăləs)
n. pl. cal•lus•es
  1. callosity
  2. The hard bony tissue that develops around the ends of a fractured bone during healing.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

callus in Science

callus

[kăləs]
  1. An area of the skin that has become hardened and thick, usually because of prolonged pressure or rubbing.
  2. The hard bony tissue that develops around the ends of a fractured bone during healing.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.