Definition of capitalization
- the total investment of the owner or owners in a business enterprise.
- the total corporate liability.
- the total arrived at after addition of liabilities.
VIDEO FOR CAPITALIZATION
Capitalization Is Complicated: Can You Answer These Questions Correctly?
With so many rules, capitalization is perfect for a game show. Will you learn something new or take the prize?
Words nearby capitalization
MORE ABOUT CAPITALIZATION
What does capitalization mean?
For example, to capitalize the word polish (which is here spelled with a lowercase p), you would write it as Polish.
A word whose first letter is a capital can be described as capitalized.
Capitalization is used in English for a few different reasons. It is considered a standard rule of English to capitalize proper nouns (which are nouns that refer to specific people, places, or things—meaning one’s that have specific names), such as Jess, Mexico, and Nintendo. Capitalization can change the way the reader interprets the meaning of a word, as in the case of polish (a verb meaning to make something shinier) and Polish (an adjective describing someone from Poland) or apple (the fruit) and Apple (the company).
We also capitalize the first word in a sentence. Sometimes, we capitalize the first letter of each word in a title, as in To All The Boys I’ve Loved Before.
Example: Please check your paper for proper punctuation and capitalization.
Capitalization and capitalize also have several more general meanings. In the context of finance, they are used in more specific and technical ways. A company’s capitalization (or market capitalization) is an estimate of how much it’s worth based on the value of stock.
Example: The company has the largest market capitalization in the industry.
Where does capitalization come from?
The first records of the word capitalization come from the 1850s. It’s a noun form of the verb capitalize, which comes from the Latin capitālis, meaning “concerning the head,” or “chief,” from caput, “head.” The word capital in the sense of money comes from the Medieval Latin capitāle, meaning “wealth.” The suffix -ize in capitalize is used to form verbs and means “to make” or “to convert into.” The suffix -ation is used to form nouns.
It can be confusing to know whether or not to capitalize certain words in certain situations, but a capitalization guide can help.
Did you know ... ?
What are some other forms related to capitalization?
- capitalize (verb)
What are some words that share a root or word element with capitalization?
What are some words that often get used in discussing capitalization?
How is capitalization used in real life?
The word capitalization can be used in many different contexts. Capitalization is an important part of spelling and grammar.
AP’s style is now to capitalize Black in a racial, ethnic or cultural sense, conveying an essential and shared sense of history, identity and community among people who identify as Black, including those in the African diaspora and within Africa.
— APStylebook (@APStylebook) June 19, 2020
— Marin Kennedy (@minniemariny) September 12, 2013
Futures on #Ethereum, the second largest cryptocurrency in market capitalization and daily volume, will launch late Sunday on derivatives exchange CME, as investors seek to take advantage of mounting institutional interest in this evolving asset class https://t.co/kRKRqkAVeT
— Reuters (@Reuters) February 5, 2021
Try using capitalization!
In which of the following cases is capitalization usually used?
A. proper nouns
B. the first word in a sentence
C. the first word in a title
D. all of the above
MORE ABOUT CAPITALIZATION
What does capitalization mean?
Capitalization is the act of using capital letters.
A capital letter (A, B, C, etc.) is a letter of the alphabet that is bigger than the lower case version (e.g., c, o, s) and sometimes styled differently as well (e.g., a, b, q). In English, we use capital letters for several reasons.
The most common reasons we use capitalization in English are to begin a sentence and to indicate a proper noun.
We capitalize the first letter of the first word of a sentence to show that this is the beginning of the sentence, as in Who took my wallet?
This includes complete sentences that are used in quotations, as in Mom said, “We are going to the mall.”
We also use capitalization for proper nouns, that is a particular person, place, or thing, like James, New York, or the Library of Congress.
Sometimes, though, companies name themselves or their products without any capitalization or with capitalization in the middle of the word (sometimes called camel case), as in adidas, eBay, and WikiAnswers.
The pronoun I is always capitalized, no matter where it is used in a sentence, as in He went to the park, but I stayed home.
Why is capitalization important?
The first records of the word capitalization come from around 1855. It comes from the verb capitalize, meaning “to use capital letters.”
While some rules of capitalization are pretty simple to remember, others, like those for proper nouns, are trickier.
Sometimes, common nouns become proper nouns when they are used as titles or used to address specific people or things, as in I like listening to my grandpa’s stories because Grandpa tells the best stories.
Days of the week, months, and holidays are capitalized but seasons are not, as in I really hate winter, but I love Christmas.
Nationalities, languages, time periods, and events are proper nouns and should be capitalized, as in My wife, who is Croatian, learned about World War I in history class.
There are many schools of thought (referred to as style guides) on which words to capitalize in a title of a composition, such as a book, chapter in a book, movie, or song. Most style guides suggest capitalizing by part of speech. Nouns, verbs, and adjectives are almost always capitalized, while other words are not, as in Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. When writing for school or work, it’s best to ask what capitalization style you should follow for titles.
Did you know ... ?
English is not the only language that uses capitalization, but the rules are often different in other languages. In German, for example, all nouns are capitalized, not just proper nouns.
What are real-life examples of capitalization?
This handy Thesaurus.com article explains some of the most common instances where we use capitalization.
We use capitalization in every English sentence. Sometimes, even longtime speakers get tripped up by the rules of capitalization.
Wine and cheese don't just go together nicely. They also follow the same rule for capitalization: Generally lowercase, but capitalize when named for a region. #APStyleChat
— APStylebook (@APStylebook) November 13, 2018
Can some one tell me why my iPhone keeps capitalizing words that DON’T require capitalization? Actually I don’t care why. How do I make it STOP! 🤜🏾😩🤛🏾
— Retta (@unfoRETTAble) March 14, 2018
Does the following sentence correctly use capitalization?
Tom likes to quote William shakespeare.
How to use capitalization in a sentence
It now has a market capitalization of more than $10 billion and is up nearly 1,400 percent year-to-date, according to CoinDesk.Tesla invests $1.5 billion in bitcoin, will start accepting it as payment|Taylor Telford|February 8, 2021|Washington Post
Google is first and foremost a business, and as such has a responsibility to its shareholders to continue to defend and grow its market capitalization.
An analysis by All Raise, an advocacy group for female founders, found that of the top 10 tech IPOs of the last decade, 92 percent of the combined market capitalization at debut went to male beneficiaries and investors.Bumble gave women more power in dating. Now the app is giving women power in the boardroom.|Jena McGregor|February 5, 2021|Washington Post
It would create a giant with a market capitalization of more than $350 billion at current valuations, and with more revenue that Saudi Aramco.Exxon and Chevron CEOs reportedly discussed a mega merger last year|Katherine Dunn|February 1, 2021|Fortune
Before this run, the bets against GameStop exceeded the entire capitalization of GameStop by 50%, which meant that a few funds stood to make more money from the collapse of GameStop than GameStop shareholders could lose.How the GameStop Trading Surge Will Transform Wall Street|Zachary Karabell|January 29, 2021|Time
On its first day of trading, Alibaba shares were up 38 percent, yielding a market capitalization of $213 billion.
Tesla Motors, for example, which now enjoys a $30 billion market capitalization thanks to bullish investors.
Even with its large market capitalization, Tesla on its own is no match for entrenched political lobbies.Tesla’s Radical Patent Move is a Plot to Take Over the Road|Daniel Gross|June 15, 2014|DAILY BEAST
It sports an impressive market capitalization of about $166 billion.Amazon Stock May Be Up, but the Company Still Doesn’t Make Any Money|Daniel Gross|October 25, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Its stock has risen six-fold in the past year, giving it a market capitalization of $22 billion.Tesla’s Rise Forces Other Automakers to Up Their Electric Car Game|Daniel Gross|September 25, 2013|DAILY BEAST
Minor punctuation and capitalization corrections have been made; the word “eat” appears in the original (versus “ate”).The House That Jack Built and The Magpie|Anonymous
The sin of “over-capitalization” differed in magnitude only, not in kind, from the daily practice of every salesman in every shop.The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce|Ambrose Bierce
Unless otherwise noted, spelling, punctuation and capitalization are as in the original.The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman|Laurence Sterne
Transcriber's Note: Inconsistent hyphenation and capitalization have been retained as in the original text.The Slave of Silence|Fred M. White
Archaic and variant spellings, capitalization, and punctuation in quoted passages have been retained.The Early History of the Colonial Post-Office|Mary E. Woolley
British Dictionary definitions for capitalization
- the act of capitalizing
- the sum so derived