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capriccio

[kuh-pree-chee-oh; Italian kah-preet-chaw]
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noun, plural ca·pric·ci·os, ca·pric·ci [kuh-pree-chee; Italian kah-preet-chee] /kəˈpri tʃi; Italian kɑˈprit tʃi/.
  1. Music. a composition in a free, irregular style.
  2. a caper; prank.
  3. a whim; caprice.
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Origin of capriccio

1595–1605; < Italian, perhaps a shortening of caporiccio head with bristling hair

a capriccio

[ah kuh-pree-chee-oh; Italian ah kah-preet-chaw]
adverb Music.
  1. at whatever tempo or with whatever expression the performer wishes.
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Origin of a capriccio

< Italian: according to caprice
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

capriccioroulade

Examples from the Web for capriccio

Historical Examples

  • A Sonata Brilliant and a Capriccio are among her best works.

    Woman's Work in Music

    Arthur Elson

  • I devoted most of 1929 to the composition of my Capriccio, which I had begun the Christmas before.

    An Autobiography

    Igor Stravinsky

  • I worked at my Capriccio all summer and finished it at the end of September.

    An Autobiography

    Igor Stravinsky

  • The Capriccio, my latest composition, was already in demand in various towns.

    An Autobiography

    Igor Stravinsky

  • Capriccio sopra la lontananza del suo fratello dilettissimo .

    Bach

    Charles Francis Abdy Williams


British Dictionary definitions for capriccio

capriccio

caprice

noun plural -priccios, -pricci (-ˈpriːtʃɪ) or -prices
  1. music a lively piece composed freely and without adhering to the rules for any specific musical form
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Word Origin

C17: from Italian: caprice
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for capriccio

n.

1690s as a term in music for a kind of free composition, from Italian capriccio "sudden start or motion" (see caprice). Earlier it meant "prank, trick" (1660s); "caprice" (c.1600).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper