caproic acid

[ kuh-proh-ik ]
/ kəˈproʊ ɪk /


an oily, colorless or yellow liquid, C6H12O2, with an odor like limburger cheese, usually obtained from fatty animal tissue or coconut oil, or synthesized: used chiefly in the manufacture of flavoring agents.

Nearby words

  1. capriole,
  2. capriote,
  3. capris,
  4. caprivi strip,
  5. caproate,
  6. caprolactam,
  7. caproyl,
  8. caprylate,
  9. caprylic,
  10. caprylic acid

Origin of caproic acid

First recorded in 1830–40; alteration of capric acid

Also called hexanoic acid. Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for caproic acid

caproic acid

/ (kəˈprəʊɪk) /


another name for hexanoic acid

Word Origin for caproic acid

C19: caproic, from Latin caper goat, alluding to its smell

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Medicine definitions for caproic acid

caproic acid

[ kə-prōĭk, kă- ]


A liquid fatty acid found in animal fats and oils or synthesized and used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.