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carbonize

[kahr-buh-nahyz]
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verb (used with object), car·bon·ized, car·bon·iz·ing.
  1. to char (organic matter) until it forms carbon.
  2. to coat or enrich with carbon.
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verb (used without object), car·bon·ized, car·bon·iz·ing.
  1. to become carbonized.
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Also especially British, car·bon·ise.

Origin of carbonize

First recorded in 1800–10; carbon + -ize
Related formscar·bon·iz·a·ble, adjectivecar·bon·iz·er, nounun·car·bon·ized, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for carbonize

carbonize

carbonise

verb
  1. to turn or be turned into carbon as a result of heating, fossilization, chemical treatment, etc
  2. (tr) to enrich or coat (a substance) with carbon
  3. (intr) to react or unite with carbon
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Also (for senses 2, 3): carburize
Derived Formscarbonization or carbonisation, nouncarbonizer or carboniser, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012