- a composite plant, Cynara cardunculus, of the Mediterranean area, having a root and leafstalks eaten as a vegetable.
Also car·don [kahr-dohn] /kɑrˈdoʊn/.
Origin of cardoon
1605–15; < Middle French cardon < Old Provençal < Medieval Latin cardōn-, stem of cardō, for Latin card(u)us thistle, cardoon
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for cardoon
No cultivated plant has run wild on so enormous a scale as the cardoon (Cynara cardunculus) in La Plata.
Four varieties are here described, of which the Spanish cardoon is the most common, and the cardon de Tours the best.
The artichoke offers fewer varieties, which bears out the opinion that it is a form derived from the cardoon.Origin of Cultivated Plants
Alphonse De Candolle
In its general character and appearance, the Cardoon resembles the Artichoke.The Field and Garden Vegetables of America
The cardoon is as high as a horse's back, but the Pampas thistle is often higher than the crown of the rider's head.A Naturalist's Voyage Round the World
- a thistle-like S European plant, Cynara cardunculus, closely related to the artichoke, with spiny leaves, purple flowers, and a leafstalk that may be blanched and eaten: family Asteraceae (composites)
C17: from French cardon, ultimately from Latin carduus thistle, artichoke
Word Origin and History for cardoon
1610s, from French cardon, from Provençal cardon, properly "thistle," from Late latin cardonem (nominative cardo "thistle," related to Latin carduus "thistle, artichoke" (see harsh).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper