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carotenoid

or ca·rot·i·noid

[kuh-rot-n-oid]Biochemistry
noun
  1. any of a group of red and yellow pigments, chemically similar to carotene, contained in animal fat and some plants.
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adjective
  1. similar to carotene.
  2. pertaining to carotenoids.
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Origin of carotenoid

First recorded in 1910–15; carotene + -oid
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for carotenoid

carotenoid

carotinoid

noun
  1. any of a group of red or yellow pigments, including carotenes, found in plants and certain animal tissues
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adjective
  1. of or resembling carotene or a carotenoid
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for carotenoid

n.

1913, from German carotinoïde (1911), from carotin (see carotene) + -oid.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

carotenoid in Medicine

carotenoid

(kə-rŏtn-oid′)
n.
  1. Any of a class of yellow to red pigments, including the carotenes and the xanthophylls.
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adj.
  1. Of, relating to, or characterizing such a pigment.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

carotenoid in Science

carotenoid

[kə-rŏtn-oid′]
  1. Any of a class of yellow to red pigments found especially in plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Carotenoids generally consist of conjoined units of the hydrocarbon isoprene, with alternating single and double bonds. The carotenoids absorb light energy of certain frequencies and transfer it to chlorophyll for use in photosynthesis. They also act as antioxidants for chlorophyll, protecting it from damage by oxidation in the presence of sunlight. Carotenoids are nutritionally important for many animals, giving flamingoes their color, for example, and also have antioxidant properties. There are many types of carotenoids, including carotenes and xanthophylls. See more at photosynthesis.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.