centrifugal [ sen- trif-y uh-g uh l, - uh-g uh l ] SHOW IPA / sɛnˈtrɪf yə gəl, -ə gəl / PHONETIC RESPELLING adjective moving or directed outward from the center (opposed to centripetal). noun . Machinery a machine for separating different materials by centrifugal force; a centrifuge. a rotating, perforated drum holding the materials to be separated in such a machine. Nearby words centric
centrifugal force Origin of centrifugal 1715–25;
New Latin centrifug(us
) center-fleeing (
to flee) +
-al 1 Related forms cen·trif·u·gal·ly, adverb
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for centrifugal
War can be a
centrifugal force, pulling together disparate groups who share a common enemy.
However, the tendency of the town has always been
centrifugal wringer, or dryer, consists of a tub, inside of which is a smaller tub with perforated sides.
centrifugal force had rendered them ridiculous, and the public never sympathises with those whom ridicule has covered.
We are—as the Census Returns for 1901 quite clearly show—in the early phase of a great development of
You know all too well the effect of sharp turns at high speed and the results of the
centrifugal force. British Dictionary definitions for centrifugal centrifugal / ( sɛnˈtrɪfjʊɡ, əl ˈsɛntrɪˌfjuːɡ) / əl adjective acting, moving, or tending to move away from a centre Compare centripetal of, concerned with, or operated by centrifugal force centrifugal pump botany (esp of certain inflorescences) developing outwards from a centre noun any device that uses centrifugal force for its action the rotating perforated drum in a centrifuge Derived Forms centrifugally, adverb Word Origin for centrifugal
C18: from New Latin
centrifugus, from centri- + Latin fugere to flee
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for centrifugal adj.
1690s, with adjectival suffix
-al (1) + Modern Latin centrifugus, 1687, coined by Sir Isaac Newton (who wrote in Latin) in "Principia" (which is written in Latin), from Latin centri- alternative comb. form of centrum "center" (see center (n.)) + fugere "to flee" (see fugitive). Centrifugal force is Newton's vis centrifuga.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for centrifugal centrifugal [ sĕn-trĭf ′yə-gəl, -trĭf ′ə- ] adj. Moving or directed away from a center or axis. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the central nervous system; efferent.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for centrifugal centrifugal [ sĕn-trĭf ′yə-gəl, -trĭf ′ə- ] Moving or directed away from a center or axis, usually as a result of being spun around the center or axis. Operated in the manner of a centrifuge. Transmitting nerve impulses away from the brain or spinal cord; efferent. Developing or progressing outward from a center or axis, as in the growth of plant structures. For example, in a centrifugal inflorescence such as a cyme, the flowers in the center or tip open first while those on the edge open last. Compare centripetal.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.