chapman

[ chap-muh n ]
/ ˈtʃæp mən /
|

noun, plural chap·men.

British. a peddler.
Archaic. a merchant.

Origin of chapman

before 900; Middle English; Old English cēapman (cēap buying and selling + man man1); cognate with Dutch koopman, German Kaufmann; see cheap
Related formschap·man·ship, noun

Definition for chapman (2 of 2)

Chapman

[ chap-muh n ]
/ ˈtʃæp mən /

noun

Frank Mich·ler [mik-ler] /ˈmɪk lər/, 1864–1945, U.S. ornithologist, museum curator, and author.
George,1559–1634, English poet, dramatist, and translator.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for chapman

British Dictionary definitions for chapman (1 of 2)

chapman

/ (ˈtʃæpmən) /

noun plural -men

archaic a trader, esp an itinerant pedlar
Derived Formschapmanship, noun

Word Origin for chapman

Old English cēapman, from cēap buying and selling (see cheap)

British Dictionary definitions for chapman (2 of 2)

Chapman

/ (ˈtʃæpmən) /

noun

George 1559–1634, English dramatist and poet, noted for his translation of Homer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chapman

chapman


n.

"peddler, itinerant tradesman," Middle English form of Old English ceapman "tradesman," from West Germanic compound *kaupman- (cf. Old High German choufman, German Kauffman, Middle Dutch and Dutch koopman), formed with equivalents of man (n.) + West Germanic *kaup- (cf. Old Saxon cop, Old Frisian kap "trade, purchase," Middle Dutch coop, Dutch koop "trade, market, bargain," kauf "trader," Old English ceap "barter, business; a purchase"), from Proto-Germanic *kaupoz- (cf. Danish kjøb "purchase, bargain," Old Norse kaup "bargain, pay;" cf. also Old Church Slavonic kupiti "to buy," a Germanic loan-word), probably an early Germanic borrowing from Latin caupo (genitive cauponis) "petty tradesman, huckster," of unknown origin. Cf. also cheap (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper