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chastisement

[chas-tiz-muh nt, chas-tahyz-]
noun
  1. severe criticism; a rebuke or strong reprimand.
  2. corporal punishment; a beating.
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Origin of chastisement

First recorded in 1275–1325;chastise + -ment

chastise

[chas-tahyz, chas-tahyz]
verb (used with object), chas·tised, chas·tis·ing.
  1. to discipline, especially by corporal punishment.
  2. to criticize severely.
  3. Archaic. to restrain; chasten.
  4. Archaic. to refine; purify.
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Origin of chastise

1275–1325; Middle English chastisen, equivalent to chasti(en) to chasten + -s- < ? + -en infinitive suffix
Related formschas·tis·a·ble, adjectivechas·tise·ment [chas-tiz-muhnt, chas-tahyz-] /ˈtʃæs tɪz mənt, tʃæsˈtaɪz-/, nounchas·tis·er, nounnon·chas·tise·ment, nounself-chas·tise, verb (used with object), self·-chas·tised, self·-chas·tis·ing.self-chas·tise·ment, nounun·chas·tis·a·ble, adjectiveun·chas·tised, adjectiveun·chas·tis·ing, adjective

Synonyms

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words

criticism, discipline, castigation, penalty, rebuke, reprimand, reproof

British Dictionary definitions for chastisements

chastise

verb (tr)
  1. to discipline or punish, esp by beating
  2. to scold severely
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Derived Formschastisable, adjectivechastisement (ˈtʃæstɪzmənt, tʃæsˈtaɪz-), nounchastiser, noun

Word Origin

C14 chastisen, irregularly from chastien to chasten
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chastisements

chastise

v.

c.1300, chastisen, from Old French chastiier "to warn, advise, instruct; chastise, admonish; punish; dominate, tame" (12c., Modern French châtier), from Latin castigare "to set or keep right, to reprove, chasten, to punish," literally "to make pure" (see castigate). Or perhaps from Middle English chastien (see chasten) + -ise, though this would be early for such a native formation. The form of the modern word "is not easily accounted for" [OED]. Related: Chastised; chastising.

He alone may chastise who loves. [Rabindranath Tagore, "The Crescent Moon," 1913]
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chastisement

n.

c.1300, from chastise + -ment.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper