[ kee-moh-ther-uh-pee, kem-oh- ]
/ ˌki moʊˈθɛr ə pi, ˌkɛm oʊ- /
the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue.
Origin of chemotherapy
First recorded in 1905–10; chemo-
Related formsche·mo·ther·a·pist, noun
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
Examples from the Web for chemotherapy
British Dictionary definitions for chemotherapy
/ (ˌkiːməʊˈθɛrəpɪ, kiːmə-) /
Derived Formschemotherapist, noun treatment of disease, esp cancer, by means of chemical agentsCompare radiotherapy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for chemotherapyn.
1906, from German Chemotherapie, coined by German biochemist Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915), from chemo- + therapie (see therapy).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Medicine definitions for chemotherapy
Related formsche′mo•ther′a•peu′tic (-pyōō′tĭk) adj.che′mo•ther′a•pist n.
The treatment of cancer using specific chemical agents or drugs that are selectively destructive to malignant cells and tissues.
The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a virus or other microorganism.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Science definitions for chemotherapy
The treatment of disease, especially cancer, using drugs that are destructive to malignant cells and tissues.
The treatment of disease using chemical agents or drugs that are selectively toxic to the causative agent of the disease, such as a microorganism.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Culture definitions for chemotherapy
[ (kee-moh-ther-uh-pee) ]
The treatment of disease with chemicals. The term chemotherapy often refers to a kind of treatment for cancer in which chemicals are administered to destroy cancer cells.
There are often side effects to chemotherapy, a common one being the temporary loss of hair.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.