- a malignant and invasive growth or tumor, especially one originating in epithelium, tending to recur after excision and to metastasize to other sites.
- any disease characterized by such growths.
- the fourth sign of the zodiac: the cardinal water sign.
- a person born under this sign, usually between June 21 and July 22.
Origin of cancer
Synonyms for cancer
Examples from the Web for cancer
Contemporary Examples of cancer
After four or five months of casual interaction, they realized they both had lost a young parent to cancer.
A single father, he had been living abroad and returned when his mother was diagnosed with cancer.
I know it sounds funny to say that I told someone about the blog and then sound shocked that they read it, but, again, cancer.
When I was first diagnosed with cancer I made the decision to share my story with strangers.
Claiming to be useful against Ebola, autism, and cancer, Young Living Essential Oils came under fire from the FDA.Honey Boo Boo, Snake Oil, and Ebola: The Weird World of Young Living Essential Oils
December 5, 2014
Historical Examples of cancer
You have cured me of a cancer that four other cancer doctors told me I never could be cured of.The Mayflower, January, 1905
Even if there were a cancer cure that is only a part of the problem.Now We Are Three
Joe L. Hensley
In 1857 he was attacked by cancer, and died peaceably on the 5th of September of that year.Critical Miscellanies (Vol. 3 of 3)
Let him say what he likes when Conrad talks about cancer, he knows Death's hand is over him.The Woman Thou Gavest Me
Diabetes, tuberculosis, cancer of the stomach, tumor of the brain.Life Sentence
Word Origin for cancer
noun Latin genitive Cancri (ˈkæŋkriː)
- Also called: the Crabthe fourth sign of the zodiac, symbol ♋, having a cardinal water classification and ruled by the moon. The sun is in this sign between about June 21 and July 22
- Also called: Moonchilda person born during a period when the sun is in this sign
Old English cancer "spreading sore, cancer" (also canceradl), from Latin cancer "a crab," later, "malignant tumor," from Greek karkinos, which, like the Modern English word, has three meanings: crab, tumor, and the zodiac constellation (late Old English), from PIE root *qarq- "to be hard" (like the shell of a crab); cf. Sanskrit karkatah "crab," karkarah "hard;" and perhaps cognate with PIE root *qar-tu- "hard, strong," source of English hard.
Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen, among others, noted similarity of crabs to some tumors with swollen veins. Meaning "person born under the zodiac sign of Cancer" is from 1894. The sun being in Cancer at the summer solstice, the constellation had association in Latin writers with the south and with summer heat. Cancer stick "cigarette" is from 1959.
A Closer Look: The human immune system often fights off stray cancer cells just as it does bacteria and viruses. However, when cancer cells establish themselves in the body with their own blood supply and begin replicating out of control, cancer becomes a threatening neoplasm, or tumor. It takes a minimum of one billion cancer cells for a neoplasm to be detectable by conventional radiology and physical examinations. Cancer, which represents more than 100 separate diseases, destroys tissues and organs through invasive growth in a particular part of the body and by metastasizing to distant tissues and organs through the bloodstream or lymph system. Heredity, lifestyle habits (such as smoking), and a person's exposure to certain viruses, toxic chemicals, and excessive radiation can trigger genetic changes that affect cell growth. The altered genes, or oncogenes, direct cells to multiply abnormally, thereby taking on the aggressive and destructive characteristics of cancer. Treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation are effective with many cancers, but they also end up killing healthy cells. Gene therapy attempts to correct the faulty DNA that causes the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells. Researchers are investigating other treatments, such as immunotherapy (the stimulation of the body's natural defenses), vectorization (aiming chemicals specifically at cancer cells), and nanotechnology (targeting cancer cells with minute objects the size of atoms).
A disease characterized by rapid growth of cells in the body, often in the form of a tumor. Cancer is invasive — that is, it can spread to surrounding tissues. Although this disease is a leading cause of death in the United States, research has provided considerable insight into its many causes (which may include diet, viruses, or environmental factors) and options for treatment (which include radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, and possibly gene therapy).