[ saj-i-tair-ee-uhs ]
/ ˌsædʒ ɪˈtɛər i əs /
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noun, genitive Sag·it·tar·i·i [saj-i-tair-ee-ahy] /ˌsædʒ ɪˈtɛər iˌaɪ/ for 1.
Astronomy. the Archer, a zodiacal constellation between Scorpius and Capricorn.
  1. the ninth sign of the zodiac: the mutable fire sign.
  2. a person born under this sign, usually between November 22nd and December 21st; a Sagittarian.


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Origin of Sagittarius

1350–1400; Middle English <Latin sagittārius archer, equivalent to sagitt(a) arrow + -ārius-ary
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022


What does Sagittarius mean?

Sagittarius is a constellation that is interpreted as resembling the figure of an archer. It’s also called The Archer.

A constellation is a group of stars that appear near each other in the sky—especially a group that has been given a name. The point considered the center of the Milky Way galaxy is contained within the Sagittarius constellation.

Sagittarius is considered one of the 12 zodiacal constellations—constellations that appear within a particular portion of the sky called the zodiac.

In astronomy, the zodiac is the band of sky along which the paths of the sun, the moon, and the planets appear to move.

Despite its basis in astronomy, the word zodiac is mainly associated with and most often used in the context of astrology, the nonscientific practice in which the positions of heavenly bodies at certain times are thought to influence or be correlated with human behavior and events. In astrology, zodiac refers to a diagram (often a circular one) representing the zodiac belt and showing the symbols associated with each of the 12 constellations or sections, which are called the signs of the zodiac. Sagittarius is one of these signs. It is situated between Scorpio and Capricorn and is considered the ninth sign of the zodiac.

The other signs of the zodiac are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Aquarius, and Pisces.

The position of the sun in a particular portion of the zodiac at the moment of a person’s birth is thought to correlate with their personality. This is what people are referring to when they talk about their zodiac sign (or star sign or often just sign). People whose sign is Sagittarius are those born between November 22 and December 21.

The word Sagittarius can be used as a noun to refer to someone who is born during this time, as in I was born in late November, so I’m a Sagittarius. The word Sagittarian can be used to mean the same thing. It can also be used as an adjective form of Sagittarius.

Example: Sagittarius is my sign and my favorite constellation.

Sagittarius dates

People with the sign Sagittarius are traditionally considered to be those born in the range of November 22–December 21. However, interpretations vary.

Where does Sagittarius come from?

The first records of the word Sagittarius come from the 1300s. It comes from the Latin word for “archer,” from sagitta, meaning “arrow.”

The ancient Greeks associated many constellations with mythical figures, such as Orion the huntsman. Sagittarius is commonly depicted as an archer in the form of a centaur, a mythical beast said to be half-man and half-horse. Sagittarius is sometimes specifically interpreted as referring to Chiron, a kind centaur tutor from Greek mythology.

In astrology, the different signs of the zodiac are thought to be associated with certain personality traits. Traits associated with Sagittarius include curiosity and a love of travel. Sagittarius and the other signs of the zodiac are often used in the context of a person’s horoscope. The word horoscope can refer to a diagram of the heavens that maps the relative position of planets and the signs of the zodiac. It can also refer to a prediction based (or said to be based) on a person’s sign and the location of other celestial bodies at the time they were born.

Get more insight into what really defines a Sagittarius by visiting our article on the many traits of Sagittarians.

Did you know ... ?

What are some other forms related to Sagittarius?

What are some synonyms for Sagittarius?

  • The Archer
  • Sagittarian (when Sagittarius is used as a noun)

What are some words that share a root or word element with Sagittarius

What are some words that often get used in discussing Sagittarius?

How is Sagittarius used in real life?

The word Sagittarius is used to refer to the constellation or the sign of the zodiac named after the constellation. In the context of astrology, people associate a number of different traits with the sign Sagittarius.



Try using Sagittarius!

True or False?

Sagittarius is positioned between Scorpio and Capricorn.

How to use Sagittarius in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for Sagittarius

/ (ˌsædʒɪˈtɛərɪəs) /

noun Latin genitive Sagittarii (ˌsædʒɪˈtɛərɪˌaɪ)
astronomy a large conspicuous zodiacal constellation in the S hemisphere lying between Scorpius and Capricornus on the ecliptic and crossed by the Milky Way and containing the galactic centre
Also called: the Archer astrology
  1. the ninth sign of the zodiac, symbol ♐, having a mutable fire classification and ruled by the planet Jupiter. The sun is in this sign between Nov 22 and Dec 21
  2. a person born when the sun is in this sign
astrology born under or characteristic of Sagittarius
Also (for senses 2b, 3): Sagittarian (ˌsædʒɪˈtɛərɪən)

Word Origin for Sagittarius

C14: from Latin: an archer, from sagitta an arrow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for Sagittarius

[ săj′ĭ-târē-əs ]

A constellation in the Southern Hemisphere near Scorpius and Capricornus. Sagittarius (the Archer) is the ninth sign of the zodiac.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.