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chitin

[kahy-tin]
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noun Biochemistry.
  1. a nitrogen-containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose, that forms a semitransparent horny substance and is a principal constituent of the exoskeleton, or outer covering, of insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.
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Origin of chitin

1830–40; < French chitine < Greek chit(ṓn) tunic, chiton + French -ine -in2
Related formschi·tin·ous, chi·tin·oid, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for chitin

Historical Examples

  • Platelet: a little plate or sclerite of chitin in a membrane.

    Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology

    John. B. Smith

  • Chitinization: the process of depositing or filling with chitin.

  • Yes, May, this little cast is made of chitin, and it will last a long time.

    The Insect Folk

    Margaret Warner Morley

  • If you had no bones, you would be glad to have your skin hardened with chitin.

    The Insect Folk

    Margaret Warner Morley

  • Chitin, kī′tin, n. the substance which forms most of the hard parts of jointed footed animals.


British Dictionary definitions for chitin

chitin

noun
  1. a polysaccharide that is the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and of the bodies of fungi
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Derived Formschitinous, adjectivechitinoid, adjective

Word Origin

C19: from French chitine, from Greek khitōn chiton + -in
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chitin

n.

1836, from French chitine, from Greek khiton "frock, tunic," of soldiers, "coat of mail," used metaphorically for "any coat or covering." "Probably an Oriental word" [Liddell & Scott]. Klein compares Hebrew kuttoneth, Aramaic kittana, Arabic kattan "linen."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chitin in Medicine

chitin

(kītn)
n.
  1. A tough, protective, semitransparent polysaccharide forming the principal component of arthropod exoskeletons and the cell walls of certain fungi.
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Related formschitin•ous adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

chitin in Science

chitin

[kītn]
  1. A tough, semitransparent substance that is the main component of the exoskeletons of arthropods, such as the shells of crustaceans and the outer coverings of insects. Chitin is also found in the cell walls of certain fungi and algae. Chemically, it is a nitrogenous polysaccharide (a carbohydrate).
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.