Origin of choke

1150–1200; Middle English choken, cheken, variant of achoken, acheken, Old English ācēocian to suffocate; akin to Old Norse kōk gullet
Related formschoke·a·ble, adjectivein·ter·choke, verb (used with object), in·ter·choked, in·ter·chok·ing.un·choke·a·ble, adjectiveun·choked, adjective

Synonyms for choke

3. block, dam, plug.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for choke up

choke up

verb (tr, adverb)

to block (a drain, pipe, etc) completely
informal (usually passive) to overcome (a person) with emotion, esp without due cause

choke

verb

(tr) to hinder or stop the breathing of (a person or animal), esp by constricting the windpipe or by asphyxiation
(intr) to have trouble or fail in breathing, swallowing, or speaking
(tr) to block or clog up (a passage, pipe, street, etc)
(tr) to retard the growth or action ofthe weeds are choking my plants
(tr) to suppress (emotion)she choked her anger
(intr) slang to die
(tr) to enrich the petrol-air mixture by reducing the air supply to (a carburettor, petrol engine, etc)
(intr) (esp in sport) to be seized with tension and fail to perform well

noun

the act or sound of choking
a device in the carburettor of a petrol engine that enriches the petrol-air mixture by reducing the air supply
any constriction or mechanism for reducing the flow of a fluid in a pipe, tube, etc
Also called: choke coil electronics an inductor having a relatively high impedance, used to prevent the passage of high frequencies or to smooth the output of a rectifier
the inedible centre of the head of an artichoke
Derived Formschokeable, adjective

Word Origin for choke

Old English ācēocian, of Germanic origin; related to cheek
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for choke up

choke

v.

c.1300, transitive, "to strangle;" late 14c., "to make to suffocate," of persons as well as swallowed objects, a shortening of acheken (c.1200), from Old English aceocian "to choke, suffocate" (with intensive a-), probably from root of ceoke "jaw, cheek" (see cheek (n.)).

Intransitive sense from c.1400. Meaning "gasp for breath" is from early 15c. Figurative use from c.1400, in early use often with reference to weeds stifling the growth of useful plants (a Biblical image). Meaning "to fail in the clutch" is attested by 1976, American English. Related: Choked; choking. Choke-cherry (1785) supposedly so called for its astringent qualities. Johnson also has choke-pear "Any aspersion or sarcasm, by which another person is put to silence." Choked up "overcome with emotion and unable to speak" is attested by 1896. The baseball batting sense is by 1907.

choke

n.

1560s, "quinsy," from choke (v.). Meaning "action of choking" is from 1839. Meaning "valve which controls air to a carburetor" first recorded 1926.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for choke up

choke

[chōk]

v.

To interfere with the respiration of by compression or obstruction of the larynx or trachea.
To have difficulty in breathing, swallowing, or speaking.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with choke up

choke up

1

Block a channel or other passage, as in Vegetation choked up the creek like a dam. [Late 1600s]

2

Be too emotional or upset to speak, as in She became so emotional about winning that she choked up and was unable to give an interview.

3

Become too nervous or tense in a critical situation to perform, as in He's fine during practice but in a match he tends to choke up. This usage, also put as to choke alone, is especially common in sports. [Colloquial; mid-1900s]

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.