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chop1

[chop]
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verb (used with object), chopped, chop·ping.
  1. to cut or sever with a quick, heavy blow or a series of blows, using an ax, hatchet, etc. (often followed by down, off, etc.): to chop down a tree.
  2. to make or prepare for use by so cutting: to chop logs.
  3. to cut in pieces; mince (often followed by up): to chop up an onion; to chop meat.
  4. (in tennis, cricket, etc.) to hit (a ball) with a chop stroke.
  5. to weed and thin out (growing cotton) with a hoe.
  6. Fox Hunting. (of a hound or pack) to attack and kill (a fox that has not begun to run).
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verb (used without object), chopped, chop·ping.
  1. to make a quick, heavy stroke or a series of strokes, as with an ax.
  2. Boxing. to throw or deliver a short blow, especially a downward one while in a clinch.
  3. (in tennis, cricket, etc.) to employ or deliver a chop stroke.
  4. to go, come, or move suddenly or violently.
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noun
  1. an act or instance of chopping.
  2. a cutting blow.
  3. Boxing. a short blow, especially a downward one, executed while in a clinch.
  4. a piece chopped off.
  5. an individual cut or portion of meat, as mutton, lamb, veal, or pork, usually one containing a rib.
  6. crushed or ground grain used as animal feed.
  7. a short, irregular, broken motion of waves; choppiness: There's too much chop for rowing today.
  8. rough, turbulent water, as of a sea or lake.
  9. (in tennis, cricket, etc.) a chop stroke.
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Idioms
  1. chop/cut down to size. cut(def 89).
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Origin of chop1

1350–1400; Middle English choppen; variant of chap1

Synonym study

1. See cut.

chop2

[chop]
verb (used without object), chopped, chop·ping.
  1. to turn, shift, or change suddenly: The wind chopped to the west.
  2. to vacillate; change one's mind.
  3. Obsolete.
    1. to barter.
    2. to bandy words; argue.
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Idioms
  1. chop logic, to reason or dispute argumentatively; draw unnecessary distinctions.
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Origin of chop2

1425–75; variant of obsolete chap barter, Middle English chappen (with vowel as in chapman), chepen, Old English cēapian to trade (derivative of cēap sale, trade; see cheap)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for chopping

chop1

verb chops, chopping or chopped
  1. (often foll by down or off) to cut (something) with a blow from an axe or other sharp tool
  2. (tr) to produce or make in this mannerto chop firewood
  3. (tr often foll by up) to cut into pieces
  4. (tr) British informal to dispense with or reduce
  5. (intr) to move quickly or violently
  6. sport to hit (a ball) sharply downwards
  7. boxing martial arts to punch or strike (an opponent) with a short sharp blow
  8. Western African an informal word for eat
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noun
  1. a cutting blow
  2. the act or an instance of chopping
  3. a piece chopped off
  4. a slice of mutton, lamb, or pork, generally including a rib
  5. Australian and NZ slang a share (esp in the phrase get or hop in for one's chop)
  6. Western African an informal word for food
  7. Australian and NZ a competition of skill and speed in chopping logs
  8. sport a sharp downward blow or stroke
  9. not much chop Australian and NZ informal not much good; poor
  10. the chop slang dismissal from employment
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Word Origin

C16: variant of chap 1

chop2

verb chops, chopping or chopped
  1. (intr) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
  2. obsolete to barter
  3. chop logic to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument
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Word Origin

Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman

chop3

noun
  1. a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East
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Word Origin

C17: from Hindi chhāp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chopping

adj.

"large and thriving," 1560s, past participle adjective from chop (v.). Cf. strapping, whopping in similar sense.

chopping. An epithet frequently applied to infants, by way of ludicrous commendation: imagined by Skinner to signify lusty, from cas Sax. by others to mean a child that would bring money at a market. Perhaps a greedy, hungry child, likely to live. [Johnson]
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chop

v.1

"to cut with a quick blow," mid-14c., of uncertain origin, perhaps from Old North French choper (Old French coper "to cut, cut off," 12c., Modern French couper), from Vulgar Latin *cuppare "to behead," from a root meaning "head," but influenced in Old French by couper "to strike." Related: Chopped; chopping.

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chop

v.2

"shift quickly," 1530s, earlier "to bargain" (early 15c.), ultimately from Old English ceapian "to bargain" (see cheap); here with a sense of "changing back and forth," probably from common expressions such as to chop and change "barter." To chop logic is recorded from 1570s. Related: Chopped; chopping.

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chop

n.

"act of chopping," mid-14c., from chop (v.1). Meaning "piece cut off" is mid-15c.; specifically "slice of meat" from mid-17c. Sense of "a blow, strike" is from 1550s.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper