chop

1
[chop]

verb (used with object), chopped, chop·ping.

verb (used without object), chopped, chop·ping.

noun


Idioms

    chop/cut down to size. cut(def 89).

Origin of chop

1
1350–1400; Middle English choppen; variant of chap1

Synonym study

1. See cut.

chop

2
[chop]

verb (used without object), chopped, chop·ping.

to turn, shift, or change suddenly: The wind chopped to the west.
to vacillate; change one's mind.
Obsolete.
  1. to barter.
  2. to bandy words; argue.

Idioms

    chop logic, to reason or dispute argumentatively; draw unnecessary distinctions.

Origin of chop

2
1425–75; variant of obsolete chap barter, Middle English chappen (with vowel as in chapman), chepen, Old English cēapian to trade (derivative of cēap sale, trade; see cheap)

chop

3
[chop]

noun

Usually chops. the jaw.
chops,
  1. the oral cavity; mouth.
  2. Slang.the embouchure or technique necessary to play a wind instrument.
  3. Slang.musical ability on any instrument, especially in playing jazz or rock; technical virtuosity.
  4. Slang.the music or musical part played by an instrumentalist, especially a solo passage.
an entranceway, as into a body of water.
Horology. either of two pieces clasping the end of the suspension spring of a pendulum.

Idioms

    bust one's chops, Slang. to exert oneself.
    bust someone's chops, Slang. to annoy with nagging or criticism: Stop busting my chops—I'll get the job done.
    lick one's chops, to await with pleasure; anticipate; relish: He was already licking his chops over the expected inheritance.
Also chap.

Origin of chop

3
1350–1400; Middle English; perhaps special use of chop1

chop

4
[chop]

noun

an official stamp or seal, or a permit or clearance, especially as formerly used in India and China.
a design, corresponding to a brand or trademark, stamped on goods to indicate their identity or quality.
the signature stamp of an artist, printmaker, etc., testifying to the authenticity of a work.
quality, class, or grade: a musician of the first chop.

Origin of chop

4
First recorded in 1605–15, chop is from the Hindi word chāp impression, stamp
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


Examples from the Web for chop

Contemporary Examples of chop

Historical Examples of chop


British Dictionary definitions for chop

chop

1

verb chops, chopping or chopped

(often foll by down or off) to cut (something) with a blow from an axe or other sharp tool
(tr) to produce or make in this mannerto chop firewood
(tr often foll by up) to cut into pieces
(tr) British informal to dispense with or reduce
(intr) to move quickly or violently
sport to hit (a ball) sharply downwards
boxing martial arts to punch or strike (an opponent) with a short sharp blow
Western African an informal word for eat

noun

a cutting blow
the act or an instance of chopping
a piece chopped off
a slice of mutton, lamb, or pork, generally including a rib
Australian and NZ slang a share (esp in the phrase get or hop in for one's chop)
Western African an informal word for food
Australian and NZ a competition of skill and speed in chopping logs
sport a sharp downward blow or stroke
not much chop Australian and NZ informal not much good; poor
the chop slang dismissal from employment

Word Origin for chop

C16: variant of chap 1

chop

2

verb chops, chopping or chopped

(intr) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
obsolete to barter
chop logic to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument

Word Origin for chop

Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman

chop

3

noun

a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East

Word Origin for chop

C17: from Hindi chhāp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chop
v.1

"to cut with a quick blow," mid-14c., of uncertain origin, perhaps from Old North French choper (Old French coper "to cut, cut off," 12c., Modern French couper), from Vulgar Latin *cuppare "to behead," from a root meaning "head," but influenced in Old French by couper "to strike." Related: Chopped; chopping.

v.2

"shift quickly," 1530s, earlier "to bargain" (early 15c.), ultimately from Old English ceapian "to bargain" (see cheap); here with a sense of "changing back and forth," probably from common expressions such as to chop and change "barter." To chop logic is recorded from 1570s. Related: Chopped; chopping.

n.

"act of chopping," mid-14c., from chop (v.1). Meaning "piece cut off" is mid-15c.; specifically "slice of meat" from mid-17c. Sense of "a blow, strike" is from 1550s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper