chop

1
[ chop ]
/ tʃɒp /

verb (used with object), chopped, chop·ping.

verb (used without object), chopped, chop·ping.

noun

Idioms

    chop/cut down to size. cut(def 89).

Origin of chop

1
1350–1400; Middle English choppen; variant of chap1

Synonym study

1. See cut.

Definition for chop (2 of 4)

chop

2
[ chop ]
/ tʃɒp /

verb (used without object), chopped, chop·ping.

to turn, shift, or change suddenly: The wind chopped to the west.
to vacillate; change one's mind.
Obsolete.
  1. to barter.
  2. to bandy words; argue.

Origin of chop

2
1425–75; variant of obsolete chap barter, Middle English chappen (with vowel as in chapman), chepen, Old English cēapian to trade (derivative of cēap sale, trade; see cheap)

Definition for chop (3 of 4)

chop

3
[ chop ]
/ tʃɒp /

noun

Usually chops. the jaw.
chops,
  1. the oral cavity; mouth.
  2. Slang. the embouchure or technique necessary to play a wind instrument.
  3. Slang. musical ability on any instrument, especially in playing jazz or rock; technical virtuosity.
  4. Slang. the music or musical part played by an instrumentalist, especially a solo passage.
an entranceway, as into a body of water.
Horology. either of two pieces clasping the end of the suspension spring of a pendulum.
Also chap.

Origin of chop

3
1350–1400; Middle English; perhaps special use of chop1

Definition for chop (4 of 4)

chop

4
[ chop ]
/ tʃɒp /

noun

an official stamp or seal, or a permit or clearance, especially as formerly used in India and China.
a design, corresponding to a brand or trademark, stamped on goods to indicate their identity or quality.
the signature stamp of an artist, printmaker, etc., testifying to the authenticity of a work.
quality, class, or grade: a musician of the first chop.

Origin of chop

4
First recorded in 1605–15, chop is from the Hindi word chāp impression, stamp
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for chop

British Dictionary definitions for chop (1 of 3)

chop

1
/ (tʃɒp) /

verb chops, chopping or chopped

noun

Word Origin for chop

C16: variant of chap 1

British Dictionary definitions for chop (2 of 3)

chop

2
/ (tʃɒp) /

verb chops, chopping or chopped

(intr) to change direction suddenly; vacillate (esp in the phrase chop and change)
obsolete to barter
chop logic to use excessively subtle or involved logic or argument

Word Origin for chop

Old English ceapian to barter; see cheap, chapman

British Dictionary definitions for chop (3 of 3)

chop

3
/ (tʃɒp) /

noun

a design stamped on goods as a trademark, esp in the Far East

Word Origin for chop

C17: from Hindi chhāp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012