verb (used without object), cleaved or (Archaic) clave; cleaved; cleav·ing.
- cleavage division,
- cleavage line,
- cleavage product,
- cleavage site,
- cleavage spindle,
Origin of cleave1
verb (used with object), cleft or cleaved or clove, cleft or cleaved or clo·ven, cleav·ing.
verb (used without object), cleft or cleaved or clove, cleft or cleaved or clo·ven, cleav·ing.
Origin of cleave2
Examples from the Web for cleave
Cleave had strung the coffee berries along a crack between the boards.The Long Roll|Mary Johnston
To cleave to the possibility of a physical explanation any longer is mere folly and obstinacy.The Grey Room|Eden Phillpotts
They do not cleave the air at great velocity, like swifts or “green parrots.”Jungle Folk|Douglas Dewar
They would have been out of place upon the high Tavy, on the rock-strewn side of the cleave, among the ruins of the mines.Furze the Cruel|John Trevena
A word derived from the verb to cleave, and signifying a narrow valley between two hills.The Sailor's Word-Book|William Henry Smyth
verb cleaves, cleaving, cleft, cleaved, clove, cleft, cleaved or cloven
Word Origin for cleave
Word Origin for cleave
"to split," Old English cleofan, cleven, cliven "to split, separate" (class II strong verb, past tense cleaf, past participle clofen), from Proto-Germanic *kleubanan (cf. Old Saxon klioban, Old Norse kljufa, Danish klöve, Dutch kloven, Old High German klioban, German klieben "to cleave, split"), from PIE root *gleubh- "to cut, slice" (see glyph).
Past tense form clave is recorded in Northern writers from 14c. and was used with both verbs (see cleave (v.2)), apparently by analogy with other Middle English strong verbs. Clave was common to c.1600 and still alive at the time of the KJV; weak past tense cleaved for this verb also emerged in 14c.; cleft is still later. The past participle cloven survives, though mostly in compounds.
"to adhere," Middle English cleven, clevien, cliven, from Old English clifian, cleofian, from West Germanic *klibajanan (cf. Old Saxon klibon, Old High German kliban, Dutch kleven, Old High German kleben, German kleben "to stick, cling, adhere"), from PIE *gloi- "to stick" (see clay). The confusion was less in Old English when cleave (v.1) was a class 2 strong verb; but it has grown since cleave (v.1) weakened, which may be why both are largely superseded by stick (v.) and split (v.).