- any member of a class of words found in many languages that are used before nouns, pronouns, or other substantives to form phrases functioning as modifiers of verbs, nouns, or adjectives, and that typically express a spatial, temporal, or other relationship, as in, on, by, to, since.
Origin of preposition1
- to position in advance or beforehand: to preposition troops in anticipated trouble spots.
Origin of preposition2
Examples from the Web for preposition
Contemporary Examples of preposition
When I shut off the radio, the last word I hear must be a noun—not a verb, or adjective, or preposition.A.J. Jacobs: How I Write
May 29, 2013
Historical Examples of preposition
The participle may also have the character of an adjective, the adverb either of an adjective or of a preposition.Cratylus
Ago is derived from the participle agone, while since comes from a preposition.
The Anglicism of terminating the sentence with a preposition is rejected.
Very often the preposition is not repeated in a sentence, when it should be.
One of the many cases in which the French preposition has been incorporated in the name.The Romance of Names
- a word or group of words used before a noun or pronoun to relate it grammatically or semantically to some other constituent of a sentenceAbbreviation: prep
Word Origin for preposition
late 14c., from Latin praepositionem (nominative praepositio) "a putting before, a prefixing," noun of action from past participle stem of praeponere "put before," from prae "before" (see pre-) + ponere "put, set, place" (see position (n.)). In grammatical use, a loan-translation of Greek prothesis, literally "a setting before."
A part of speech that indicates the relationship, often spatial, of one word to another. For example, “She paused at the gate”; “This tomato is ripe for picking”; and “They talked the matter over head to head.” Some common prepositions are at, by, for, from, in, into, on, to, and with.