chap

1
[ chap ]
/ tʃæp /

verb (used with object), chapped, chap·ping.

to crack, roughen, and redden (the skin): The windy, cold weather chapped her lips.
to cause (the ground, wood, etc.) to split, crack, or open in clefts: The summer heat and drought chapped the riverbank.

verb (used without object), chapped, chap·ping.

to become chapped.

noun

a fissure or crack, especially in the skin.
Scot. a knock; rap.

Nearby words

  1. chaordic,
  2. chaos,
  3. chaos theory,
  4. chaotic,
  5. chaozhou,
  6. chap hop,
  7. chap stick,
  8. chap.,
  9. chapala,
  10. chaparajos

Origin of chap

1
1275–1325; Middle English chappen; cognate with Dutch kappen to cut; akin to chip1

Related formsun·chapped, adjective

chap

2
[ chap ]
/ tʃæp /

noun

Chiefly British Informal: Older Use. a fellow; man or boy.
Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. a baby or young child.
British Dialect. a customer.

Origin of chap

2
First recorded in 1570–80; short for chapman

chap

3
[ chop, chap ]
/ tʃɒp, tʃæp /

noun

Origin of chap

3
1325–75; Middle English; perhaps special use of chap1

chap.

or Chap.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for chap


British Dictionary definitions for chap

chap

1
/ (tʃæp) /

verb chaps, chapping or chapped

(of the skin) to make or become raw and cracked, esp by exposure to cold
Scot (of a clock) to strike (the hour)
Scot to knock (at a door, window, etc)

noun

(usually plural) a cracked or sore patch on the skin caused by chapping
Scot a knock

Word Origin for chap

C14: probably of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch, German kappen to chop off

noun

informal a man or boy; fellow

Word Origin for chap

C16 (in the sense: buyer): shortened from chapman

noun

a less common word for chop 3

chap.

abbreviation for

chaplain
chapter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chap
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper