chromatography

[ kroh-muh-tog-ruh-fee ]
/ ˌkroʊ məˈtɒg rə fi /
|

noun Chemistry.

the separation of mixtures into their constituents by preferential adsorption by a solid, as a column of silica (column chromatography) or a strip of filter paper (paper chromatography) or by a gel.

Nearby words

  1. chromatist,
  2. chromato-,
  3. chromatogenous,
  4. chromatogram,
  5. chromatograph,
  6. chromatology,
  7. chromatolysis,
  8. chromatophil,
  9. chromatophilia,
  10. chromatophobia

Origin of chromatography

First recorded in 1725–35; chromato- + -graphy

Related formschro·ma·tog·ra·pher, nounchro·mat·o·graph·ic [kruh-mat-uh-graf-ik, kroh-muh-tuh-] /krəˌmæt əˈgræf ɪk, ˌkroʊ mə tə-/, adjectivechro·ma·to·graph·i·cal·ly, adverb

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for chromatography



British Dictionary definitions for chromatography

chromatography

/ (ˌkrəʊməˈtɒɡrəfɪ) /

noun

the technique of separating and analysing the components of a mixture of liquids or gases by selective adsorption in, for example, a column of powder (column chromatography) or on a strip of paper (paper chromatography)See also gas chromatography
Derived Formschromatographer, nounchromatographic (ˌkrəʊmətəˈɡræfɪk), adjectivechromatographically, adverb

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chromatography

chromatography

n.

1731, from chromato-, Latinized comb. form of Greek khroma (genitive khromatos) "color" (see chroma), denoting "color" or "chromatin" + -graphy. Related: Chromatograph.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for chromatography

chromatography

[ krō′mə-tŏgrə-fē ]

n.

Any of various techniques for the separation of complex mixtures that rely on the differential affinities of substances for a gas or liquid mobile medium and for a stationary adsorbing medium through which they pass, such as paper, gelatin, or magnesia.absorption chromatography
Related formschro′ma•togra•pher n.


The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for chromatography

chromatography

[ krō′mə-tŏgrə-fē ]

A technique used to separate the components of a chemical mixture by moving the mixture along a stationary material, such as gelatin. Different components of the mixture are caught by the material at different rates and form isolated bands that can then be analyzed.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.