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chronic

[kron-ik]
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adjective
  1. constant; habitual; inveterate: a chronic liar.
  2. continuing a long time or recurring frequently: a chronic state of civil war.
  3. having long had a disease, habit, weakness, or the like: a chronic invalid.
  4. (of a disease) having long duration (opposed to acute).
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noun
  1. Slang. cronic.
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Also chron·i·cal.

Origin of chronic

1595–1605; < Latin chronicus < Greek chronikós, equivalent to chrón(os) time + -ikos -ic
Related formschron·i·cal·ly, adverbchro·nic·i·ty [kro-nis-i-tee] /krɒˈnɪs ɪ ti/, nounnon·chron·ic, adjectivenon·chron·i·cal, adjectivenon·chron·i·cal·ly, adverbsub·chron·ic, adjectivesub·chron·i·cal, adjectivesub·chron·i·cal·ly, adverbun·chron·ic, adjectiveun·chron·i·cal·ly, adverb
Can be confusedacute chronic

Synonyms

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1. confirmed, hardened.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for chronical

Historical Examples


British Dictionary definitions for chronical

chronic

adjective
  1. continuing for a long time; constantly recurring
  2. (of a disease) developing slowly, or of long durationCompare acute (def. 7)
  3. inveterate; habituala chronic smoker
  4. informal
    1. very badthe play was chronic
    2. very serioushe left her in a chronic condition
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Derived Formschronically, adverbchronicity (krɒˈnɪsɪtɪ), noun

Word Origin

C15: from Latin chronicus relating to time, from Greek khronikos, from khronos time
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for chronical

chronic

adj.

early 15c., of diseases, "lasting a long time," from Middle French chronique, from Latin chronicus, from Greek khronikos "of time, concerning time," from khronos "time" (see chrono-). Vague disapproving sense (from 17c.) is from association with diseases and later addictions.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

chronical in Medicine

chronic

(krŏnĭk)
adj.
  1. Of long duration. Used of a disease of slow progress and long continuance.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

chronical in Science

chronic

[krŏnĭk]
  1. Relating to an illness or medical condition that is characterized by long duration or frequent recurrence. Diabetes and hypertension are chronic diseases. Compare acute.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.